Problem Set 2!
1. A. If teachers are being observed, then they may not teach the way that they
do when there is not anyone present watching them. They may become anxious
if an administrator is watching them in the classroom and not teach to their full
J-CARD NUMBER !
Chapter 3 Problem Set !
1. A. There has to be a cause-effect relationship in order for this persons reform
to work. In this case, there is no such a relationship. They also did not
describe whether it was a positive-negative relationsh
Brief History of Markets!
! Economies have not always been set by market conditions; in the past they
were set by societal norms and feudal societies !
! Establishing markets is a way to organize society !
! A moral economy is what we think is fair f
J-CARD NUMBER !
Chapter 1 Problem Set !
1. A. (i) Neither A nor C are measurable, thus B is the characteristic that
belongs. (ii) Both moral relativism and gay marriage are not necessarily
related to religion, whereas prayer is, in most cases, related
Gay Marriage Problem Set!
1. A. (i) The relationship between age (X) and gay marriage (Y) opinions may be
spurious because education level (Z) could produce this relationship. Age may
not be an indication of gay marriage opinion because people within th
Value of the Illicit International Trade
The following bars represent the estimated value of international trade for illicit drugs, counterfeiting, and other commoditi
Chapter 4 Problem Set !
1. A. (i) False (ii) This statement is false because random assignment is used to
prevent selection bias. Researchers use random assignment so that subjects
have an equal probability of being in a test or a control group. Selecti
EC 243 Homework Assignment 6 Understanding and working with tariffs.
Background and rational: Tariffs, or taxes on imported goods, are the traditional commercial
policy used to regulate imports. High tariffs make imports more costly, providing protection
Risk Awareness Problem Set!
1. A. (i) Risk averseness (Z). (ii) Students who are more risk averse are less
likely to smoke. Students who earn lower grades are less risk averse. As
smoking varies (X), risk averseness varies (Z), which causes grades to ch
Optional Problem Set!
3. Please see attached handwritten response. !
4. A. (i) This statement does not specify a relationship that determines a persons !
knowledge of current events. (ii) Individuals who have a college education are
more likely to b