Energy Conservation Continued!
! Ghana had the highest income per capita in all of Africa at this time. !
! There was an increase in aid to Ghana. !
! The world economy was buoyant. !
! Ghana had two important primary products ! gold and cocoa. !
Energy Conservation !
! We were encouraged to conserve energy (Carter appeared on TV next to a
log re with a !
sweater on). !
! Stagation !
! persistent high ination combined with high unemployment and stagnant !
demand in a country's economy. !
Notes on Medicine in the U.S.!
! We were a dependent country in medicine and medical research until well
into the twentieth century !
! In pharmacology, the U.S. lagged far behind Europe, especially Germany
which had a strong state funded university
Drawing Populations to the United States!
! People wanted to visit the United States now instead of Germany for
scientic research !
! The United States became the world leader in nearly all scientic elds !
! Every bureaucratized organization had audi
The First Crisis of the New Order: Africa in the 1970s !
! In Western Europe, we saw that governments were more centralized. !
! Some did away with markets entirely and had a command/control economy. !
! GDP per capita grew 3%/year during the 1960s
Political Advancements in the United States!
! Double blind studies became more popular at this time !
! The FDA was a successful organization !
it became the gold standard for drug regulation throughout the world !
! Japan gradually developed a d
Medical Research in the United States!
! We had the largest and most expensive research system in the world at this
! Animal testing is a haphazard way of conducting research !
! Governments role was regulating market and funding research at t
The U.S. Alternative: First Stage !
! 48.5 years was average male life expectancy in 1900 !
! 50.7 years was average female life expectancy in 1900 !
! For African Americans, the gures were lower: slightly over 40 years for
males and a little high
The U.S. Alternative: Second Stage !
! The Applied Physics Lab at Johns Hopkins developed the proximity fuse, a
device that blew up airplanes if it only came in proximity of the aircraft !
! Public and elite support for the sciences !
Progress in the USSR Notes!
! USSR=First nation to have universal health care, so all people had access
to health care no !
matter their locale. !
! The most dramatic health success was the campaign to eradicate polio. !
! Polio is viral, has an incu