Chapter 27: Reproduction of Flowering Plants
Reproduction of flowering plants: key concepts
o Angiosperms Reproduce Sexually and Asexually
o Hormones and Signaling Determine the Transition from the Vegetative to
the Reproductive State
Chapter 31: Immunology - Animal Defense Systems
Immunology: Key Concepts
o Animals Use Innate and Adaptive Mechanisms to Defend Themselves
o Innate Defenses Are Nonspecific
o The Adaptive Immune Response Is Specific
o The Adaptive Humora
Chapter 22: The Evolution and Diversity of Fungi
Molds and mushrooms are more closely related to us than they are to
o Fungi Live by Absorptive Heterotrophy
o Fungi Can Be Saprobic, Parasitic, Predatory, or Mutualistic
o Major Groups
Chapter 29: Physiology, Homeostasis, and Temperature
Physiology, Homeostasis, and Temperature Regulation: Key Concepts
o Multicellular Animals Require a Stable Internal Environment
o Physiological Regulation Achieves Homeostasis of the Internal
Chapter 25: Plant Nutrition and Transportation
Plant nutrition and transport: key concepts
o Plants Acquire Mineral Nutrients from the Soil
o Soil Organisms Contribute to Plant Nutrition
o Water and Inorganic Solutes Are Transported in the Xylem
Chapter 32: Animal Reproduction
Animal Reproduction: Key Concepts
o Gametogenesis Produces Haploid Gametes
o Human Reproduction Is Hormonally Controlled
o Gametogenesis refers to the process of forming gametes. In
mammals, it occurs in the g
Chapter 26: Plant Growth and Development
Plant growth and development: key concepts
o The Environment Influences Plant Development
o Plant Hormones, Have Diverse Effects on Plant Development
o Photoreceptors Initiate Developmental responses to Light
Chapter 30: Animal Hormones
Animal Hormones: Key Concepts
o Hormones Are Chemical Messengers
o Hormones Act by Binding to Receptors
o The Pituitary Gland Links the Nervous and Endocrine Systems
o Hormones Regulate Mammalian Physiological Systems
What is e
Chapter 19: Bacteria, Achaea, and Viruses
Bacteria and Archaea
o Why classify organisms?
o An interesting prokaryote: Salmonella
o How is it classified?
o How is it similar to other bacteria?
o What are some myths about bacteria?
o Where are prokaryotes f
Chapter 18: The History of Life on Earth
How do scientists date ancient events?
o Dendrochronology: Tree-ring dating
o Allows scientists to measure the ages of trees using tree rings present
in the tree trunk. Accurate on a scale of several thousand years
Chapter 15: Mechanisms of Evolution
What is evolutionary theory?
o Scientists agree that populations evolve, or change, over time. We will
look more closely at what those changes are.
o Evolutionary Theory is a scientific body of work concerned with
Chapter 23: Animal Origins and Diversity
Animals provide evidence of life on Earth
o Great Barrier Reef
Anatomy of a Coral Polyp
o To what group do corals belong?
o To what group do dinoflagellates belong?
Corals are sensitive to
o Global warming
Chapter 6: Photosynthesis
Photosynthesis: eating the sun
Photosynthesis: energy from sunlight (overview)
o Photosynthesis Converts Light Energy into Chemical Energy
o Chemical Energy is Used to Synthesize Carbohydrates
o Photosynthetic Adaptations
Chapter 16: Reconstructing and Using Phylogenies
What is Phylogeny?
o Phylogeny is the evolutionary history of relationships among
organisms or their genes.
o It is portrayed in a diagram called a phylogenetic tree.
o A lineage is a ser
Animal Origins and Diversity
Chapter 23 Animal Origins and Diversity
23.1 Distinct Body Plans Evolved among the Animals
23.2 Some Animal Groups Fall Outside the Bilateria
23.3 Protostomes Have an Anterior Brain and a Ventral
The Origin and
Diversification of Eukaryotes
Learning Objectives for Chapter 20 (Eukaryotes)
You should be able to:
List the four main groups of organisms (as defined in our class) that
comprise the eukaryotes. Describe what protists are and how they
2.25.16 Gen Bio 2 Ch. 24
What makes a plant a plant?
- Cellulosic Cell Wall
- Chloroplasts (plastids)
o Amyloplasts and chromoplasts
- Sessile (cant move)
- Central vacuole (organelle)
- 3 genomes
Plants must harvest energy from sunlight and min
2.16.16 Gen Bio2 Ch. 22 Fungi
Think about synapomorphies (shared derived traits)
- traits that distinguish plants, animals, fungi
Fungi = Opisthokonts
- branches coming out of MRCA node 3, and at node above not a resolved
- when drawing phylogenetic
3.1.16 Gen Bio 2 Ch. 25
Plants acquire Mineral nutrients from the soil
Plants are autotrophs.
They get carbon from atmospheric CO2; hydrogen and oxygen mostly from water.
Nitrogen comes, directly or indirectly, from the activities of bacteria.
Gen Bio 2
Mentoring Sessions: M,Tu, Th 6-9 pm
Flu shots prediction of what flu will evolve into
Darwin started off in medicine (didnt like surgery w/o anesthetic), went to diff
school, made friends w captain of HMS Beagle 5 yr voyage explored new regions
2.4.16 Gen Bio 2 Ch. 17
What is a species
C. group of similar organisms that can interbreed.
Gene flow required to maintain a species disruption of gene flow leads to
Species are the only taxonomic group that can be operatio