Tyrant, Croesus and the Background of the War:
Archilochos uses the word Tyrant to describe the reign of Gyges, which is the earliest
known use of the word to describe the leader of a people.
The Lydians were not happy about Gyges comin
Herodotus: Shows similarities to Homers writings. At the beginning of his writings
Herodotus shows some regard for heroism just like Homer.
Epic poetry relies on the divine beauty of a muse.
Herodotus focuses Hum
Herodotus explains the beginnings of the conflict:
Why did the Greeks and the Persians fight? Herodotus states that the cause that people
believe is the abduction of Io, Helen and Europa, but Herodotus believes the cause was
bigger than t
Cyrus and his rise to power:
Cyrus is the Persian ruler who defeats Croesus, and his birth story is similar to that of
Oedipus in Greek legend.
Astyages, the grandfather of Cyrus, had dreams about his gradson taking control of the
The Corinthian Speeches
The first Corinthian speech at the Debate at Sparta tries to convince the city state of
Sparta to stop the aggression of Athens. The Corinthians are upset that Sparta, which has the best
Fall of Potidea and the Siege of Plataea
The section on the Fall of Potidea showed several things about Athens and Sparta.
Interestingly both city states went against their traditional values because of this war. First t
Siege of Syracuse
One notable feature of the Athenian siege of Syracuse is the Athenian patience and the
Syracusan impatience that gave Athens a huge advantage in the first battle. The Syracusans
gained confidence from
Darius Scythian Expedition
Darius Scythian Expedition failed in a large part due to his own arrogance and
overconfidence of the strength of his army. Darius continued to chase the Scythians through the
Hist 453: Ancient Greece
Test 1 5%
Herodotus, Book I
1. At the very beginning of his work, Herodotus identifies himself with a reference to his
native city of Halicarnassus.
2. Herodotus asserts that his work will display his Historia, a word that in Gree
Plataea and Corcyra
In the first section on the end of the siege of Plataea the Plataeans were using their trials
to speak their minds, and to attempt to save themselves from the Spartans aggression. In order to