16:42 Symbol use: Deloache Symbol definition: Something that someone intends to stand for something other than itself. Anything can be a symbol, as long as some human has the intention of the object intending to stand for something. Using symbols makes us
Exam 1 Study Guide: Chapters 1 - 5
Do not try to memorize definitions, but come up with your own examples for
the concepts and/or try to explain them to someone else.
Chapter 1 - Introduction to Child Development
Temperament the individual Stable individual differences in behavioral styles, particularly with respect to the quality and intensity of emotional reactions. Whether someone is moody/cheerful, how they react to stimuli. Wh
Social Behavior in Infancy
By the end of first year infants: follow others' gaze and point, show you things, offer things to people, imitate others. Following gaze Scaife & Bruner: in front of an actor, targets off to the sides, get baby's attention
Fullfledged language is achieved only by humans, but only if they have experience with other humans using language for communication. Must be in a language community. Infantdirected talk (IDT) the distinctive mode of speech that a
Children are phenomenal language learners. They're better than adults. Language (obviously) happens better at younger age (i.e. learning a second language). Learning at 37yo are almost indistinguishable from native speakers in the long run.
Intelligence and Academic Achievement
Binet is first in in measuring IQ on individual differences, where an individual sits in relation to a population. Developmental. All performance tests for children sky rocket early, then plateau later in life.
Variation across culture Bari tribe of Venezuela: children typically have one mother, but about 25% have two biological fathers, some have even more. "My first husband was the father of my first child, my second child, my third chil
What can infants do and what can't they do in respect to numbers? We frickin quantitate EVERYTHING. Numbers according to Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development
Preoperational: can't combine or manipulate their representations. No re
Piaget's Theory hypothesized that children progress through four distinct, heierarchial stages of cognitive development, each building on the previous one. MOST OF THESE UNDERESTIMATE CHILDRENS DEVELOPMENT. Stages of what children could an
Agression Modulating Mechanisms
Abuse teenagers who were physically abused by their parents are 1.4 times more likely to be violent than kids who were not physically assaulted. Same with supervision neglect (parents weren't arou
IQ is more of what you know, achievement is what you have learned/accomplished. I suck ass at math, good at German. I actually like German, math can go piss up a rope. Achievement Motivation: there are two general behavioral patterns in