Week Eleven Lecture Notes Plants Domain Eukarya, Kingdom Plantae Multicellular eukaryotes Protists can by unicellular or multicellular Well developed tissues Mostly terrestrial and sessile Land based and don't move Always some weird exception in biology W
Lecture Fourteen The Institutional Church -Following the model of Edward Gibbon.
"Superstition" his term or notion is talked about this lecture. Gibbon is a product of the enlightened, began life as a protestant, became a catholic then abandoned all re
The Geographical Setting -All roads lead to Rome.
Central to the western tradition. Created stabile political institutions. Created the most durable and influential legal system in the world. Also left the legacy as masters of civil engine
1. An Early Medieval Classification last time we talked about a prosperous society. Lots and lots more people but we didn't get to meet any of them. That's what we will do today. Mostly large groups. King Alfred the Great once said
Three Basic Questions
Philosophy love of wisdom The Greek invented philosophy as a formal intellectual discipline. With its own rules began around 600 on Ionian coast. Turned to religion to answer questions that philosophy now answers. c
Lecture Sixteen Four Failed Kingdoms-Why? a. The Vandals- of North Africa. Militant Arians. Irony and tradegy.
Followed the form of Christianity in their own fashion and then Christianity change and they were left hanging when they moved into a new dir
Lecture Ten Two Notions of "Empire" Mean the physical geographic "territory"
that Rome rule or it could mean political regime, gave way to dictatorship. Built their empire by expanding defense and just wars. Gods would not sanction an offensive war. Th
Late antiquity AD 300 700.during this period, the Roman Empire fell, or transformed in fundamental ways. What changed? Focuses on the process of change. Challenging the view that at some point in this period, Rome fell. Antiquity is an at
Lecture Twelve FOR FINAL Written Sources -people who called themselves Christians were a small
amount of people. You wouldn't say in Palestine, "good things are going to come out of this place." Christianity came late. Mature cluttered culture. Religio
1. England one major theme the development of failure to develop the physical boundaries of these states. Second theme elaboration of strong institutions of governments. England relatively small and homogenous and made political devel
Lecture Twenty One
1. NonSchoastic Latin Literature a. Letters a.i. Abelard and Heloise a.ii. Hildegard of Bingen Mystical texts Bernard of Clairvauz Vicitoriness: Hugh and Richard of St. Victor. Satire The Gospel According to the Silver Marks Poetr
The Rise of Islam-We might have guessed that the Eastern Empire would
have some future. We saw the Western Half had been transferred to kingdoms. Large number of loosely affiliated tribes. No unified structured. Under the influence of o
Lecture Eighteen A Period of Growth -the Carolingian world was torn apart after
Charlemagne death from internal strife. We look at the period of the prime middle ages we see optimism everywhere. WE see economic growth and soaring gothic cathedral. None
Lecture 11 The Rule of Octavian (31 BC AD 14) -when Octavian
defeats Anthony, of what was he now in charge or? Inaugurated a rule that was stable for century. Call that rule Pax Romana, "Roman Peace". Octavian doesn't rule like a military dictator. Ins
Lecture 17 Foundations of Carolingian Power - Charlemagne greatest
meempber of the Carolingian family. Seised among those 0 the greats was the Carolingians. a. Land b. Creative marriage policies that think their family to other powerful familys to gain
1. The Traditional View: "Autumn of the Middle Ages" period of waning and
decay, corruption even. So should we emphasize decline and disruption. This view has a long history but it was never able to full account for the complexity, the c
1. Catherine of Siena (1347 1380) two wrote a lot of different works including some in the vernacular. Kind of occupation you'd expect, clothdying. Her mother already had 22 children by the time she was born; not unusual; half of them di
Ancient Medieval and modern was invented it was a certain time and place. Medieval people didn't know they were medieval. At times, they thought of themselves as having exceed those from the past. Bernard of Chartres one of the greatest t
I. The "New Learning" intellectual shifts were refered to as the new learning.
Synonomos with humanism. Took deep root in the soil of northern Europe, different from humanism of Italy, north was less urban and was less literate. Northern
I. Defining the Reformation what is the protestant reformation? Many medieval reformations before the 16th century and even in the 16th century there were various reformations as well. Our task is difficult because there is an old polemic
I. Factors in European Expansion some peope in Europe were aware that there were wider worlds out there. Just because you know the world is out there doesn't mean you're going to try to dominate and colonize the world. What led the Europe
I. Nicholas Copernicus and Heliocentrism a. On the Revolutioms of the Heavenly Bodies a.i. The earth revolves around the sun a.ii. The sun is at the center of the universe a.iii. The earth rotates on its axis b. Ptolemy's system II. Tycho Brahe
Fell because the Greeks could not get along. Even the during the Persian Wars, the Greeks still weren't unified. The Peloponnesian War long bloody, nasty war. Coarsened the fabric of Greek War. Sparta won the war, and always fears the Atheni
The Apostle Paul Greatest Jewish missionary. Paul uses word, church is is speaking about local group of believers, not corporate unified church. Jesus born in Bethlehem. Baptized by John the Baptist. He was met with hostility and the Roma