Week 5 Discussions
Problems-alluvial sediments, surface sites=damaging. Pottery derived from 1st farmers.
We know that they were a mixed farming economy following the last epi-paleolithic era.
They were subsistence farmers; ate mostly grains,
Week 9 Discussion 1-November 21
1. We can look at iconography, sculptures, documents. Might look for seals that say this is
akkad and also tablets that were made in Akkad.
2. No. They have been around for a while.
3. Early Semitic settlers were Akkadian.
Week 8 Discussion
1. 3rd Millennium
2. Elite burials, tablets and writing, cities were increasing their sizes (condensing into
certain areas rather than settling sporadically)
3. Copper, bronze, alabaster, diorite, textiles, jewelry
4. Eblas tablets revea
Samarra Culture (5700-5300 BC)
(In Mesopotamian area)
-changes in social relationships between cultures in village life. These changes take place over a
long period of time (5000 years)
1st group to occupy the zone in the southern p
November 28, 2011
-Pastoralism, mobility, and embodiment in Upper Egypt
-major increase in pastoralism.
-temples occurred early on in Mesopotamia; in Egypt
-Trade and the influence of Levantine and Mesopotamian ideas
Sargon of Aggade (Akkad) and Empire
November 21, 2011
Mesopotamian City States become Territorial
Akkad: Territorial Empire and Social Community formed by Sargon
Sargon was the founder of the dynasty-passed power to his sons and grandson
Sumerian City States in Mesopotamia
Peoples personal identity put in households, belonged to the houses of Gods
o Written by literates for literates
o Administering public and (wealthy) private estate
o Concerned with urban life (not rural pe
Anthropology Notes 11/2/11
Papyrus: People in Egypt wrote on this. Its a plant, its organic, fragile, and decays easily.
Clay Tablets: when wet, it is pressed into shape and then a series of impression marks
were made to create symbols or signs that stood
November 14, 2011
Shift focus north: examine the states developing on the periphery of Sumer and Akkad
Consider trade and exchange routes
Three great 3rd Millenium states: Ebla, Mari, Brak. How did these come about?
Northern Mesopotamia: 3rd millennium co
November 7, 2011
Early Dynastic Sumer
Early Dynastic is a historical period and lasts only 600 years.
Sumerian King List: Rulers of many cities, King of Kish, Known from late copies.
-Gilgamesh appears in the Kings List
-precision to the dates comes from
Discussion Week 7
1. Administrative texts, they also had burials and iconography.
2. Women worked as weavers in the temples; few women held political positions; men still
did anything a woman could do, but women didnt have the same options. W
Discussion Week 5
2. Most people were farmers. They ate lots of wheat and cereals(6 row barley=its domesticated
and irrigated/produces three times more seeds) . Ceramics were fired in larger kilns-social skills
more specialized. There werent any real sign