Third Paper Prompt: November 30th
Psssssst, A-worthy second paper (including counter) and:
- Dont restate argument.
- Dont argue that p, argue not-p, and then argue a different response for p
- Response must directly engage with counter
Carmen: SEI Evaluation Forms!
Also, review the last paper.
Staple paper together; paperclip edits to paper.
In this paper, I will attempt to show Philosophy is very humble.
Dont use the word logic or logical say reasonable or delete the word.
If it is wrong for anyone to murder anyone, then it is wrong for Pete to murder Hans.
This isnt an ethical judgment; its a statement about a judgment. But for this to have truth-value,
then the statements are required to have truth-values, and, if they do
Moral Absolutism: This is not the view that all moral facts are objective, just that there are some.
There is at least one objective moral principle.
You might not believe it, but youre wrong if you dont.
The subject matter of ethics and values becomes
Moral discussions are more like disagreement over Earth being flat than best flavor of ice cream.
Relativism is bad.
Cultural relativism: An action is impermissible for an agent iff that agents culture disapproves of
this action. An action is permissible
What is it to care about a merely possible disagreement? Its the possibility that we might be
wrong. Disagreement is a red herring; were just concerned that we might have made an error.
Disagreement is still relevant in three ways: doesnt serve as data, b
Normative and Descriptive Questions About Disagreement
Normative: ought/should Should people conciliate in light disagreement?
Descriptive: how things are; facts "Do people tend to conciliate in light disagreement?
Normative impacts descriptive reason
Ethics on beliefs: How do we decide what to believe?
If a shipowner is worried about meeting a deadline: Not sending a ship definitely means no
profit/no ability to pay workers, but sending it might mean your ship sinks and workers die. In
his optimism, s
Sentences must be true or false solely in terms of definitions (analytic) or true or false in terms of
the way the world is (synthetic) but empirically verifiable.
Pssst, what is verification? You use it to define the principle.
Four types of sentences of Ethical Discourse:
1. Definitions of Ethical Terms
Heres an ethical term and what it means (and/or a question to that effect).
What does goodness mean?
2. Descriptions of Moral Phenomena and Their Causes
How we feel about cer
Socrates engages a bit with his accuser Melodus, but its more of a monologue than a dialogue.
Also, his argument is much less sharp than usual and is also extremely ironic: Look, Courts, you
know how to talk to people; Im sorry if Im not as persuasive and