Outline for Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park and
The Bob Marshall Wilderness
1860s International border surveyed.
1889 - Marias Pass surveyed for the Great Northern Railroad.
1895 Waterton Lakes established as a National Park in Canada.
Guadalupe and Carlsbad National Parks
Features associated with subsurface water
Geologic work of groundwater
Groundwater dissolves rock
Groundwater is often mildly acidic
Contains weak carbonic acid Forms when rainwater dissolves carbon dioxide
San Juan Island NHP
Abbreviations for National Park System Areas
North Cascades NP Ebey's Landing NH RES Ross Lake NRA Lake Chelan NRA
IHS International Historic Site NB National Battlefield NBP National Battlefield Park NBS National Battlefield Sit
January 3, 2006 (due 1/5/06) Name_
Introduction to maps and the national parks
1. What is your reason for taking this course?
2. What experience (academic and otherwise) have you had with geological sciences? 3. What year are y
GS 105 exercise: National parks of other lands
Yellowstone was the first national park in the world, but the idea of land conservation is not an American exclusive. For this exercise, I'd like you to investigate a national park in a foreign country.
Minerals: Building blocks of rocks
Definition of a mineral:
Naturally occurring Inorganic solid Ordered internal molecular structure Definite chemical composition
Definition of a rock:
A solid aggregate or mass of minerals
Composition of min
A view of Earth from the Moon
A view of Earth
Earth is a planet that is small and selfcontained Earth's four spheres
Hydrosphere Atmosphere Biosphere Solid Earth
Earth as a system
Earth is a dynamic planet with many interacting parts or spheres Par
GS 105 Exercise 2 Federal Management of the Colorado Plateau: The Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument controversy This topic is a timely issue of Federal land management and private enterprise. In the mid 1990's, congress was set to vote to a
Wheeler Peak, 13,063 ft.
Badwater Spring Lowest Point in the US (-282 ft.)
Borax Mining in Death Valley
Dunes in Death Valley
The Devil's Golf Course
Close-up of salt pinnacle
Breccia in Titus Canyon
The Ice Age in
An oceanic-continental convergent plate boundary
An oceanic-oceanic convergent plate boundary
A continental-continental convergent plate boundary
A passive continental margin
An active continental margin
Time, Strata and Sequence
Learning to Read the Sedimentary Rock Record
Determining geological ages
Relative age dates placing rocks and events in their proper sequence of formation Numerical dates specifying the actual number of years that have
Outline for Glacier Bay National Park
Alaskas Inland Passage
History of Glacier Bay National Park.
Thousands of years the Tlingit people have lived along the coast and know the
changes of the glaciers from the legends of their people.
1741 Russian explo
/Quiz 2 Review
Zion canyon cut by Virgin River forms hanging valleys
Zion is vertical
Zion has Narrows which are dangerous for flash floods
Last major transgression (sea level rise) was deposition of limestone
Regression = sea level drop
We use radiometri
Outline for Mammoth Cave National Park
Most caves are formed in carbonates (i.e. Limestones). The dominant mineral in
limestones is calcite (CaCO3) or calcium carbonate. The other main mineral is dolomite
Caves form by erosion
Notes for Isle Royale National Park
Isle Royale Basics
Island is 45 miles long and 5-8 miles wide.
Forested, glaciated island in Lake Superior.
Largest island in Lake Superior.
In northern Michigan.
Only accessible by ferry, personal boat
Rocky Mountain National Park
1806-1807 - Area explored by Zebulon M. Pike.
1868 - Geology of area explored by John Wesley Powell.
1915 - Established as a National Park.
1976 - Designated a Biosphere Reserve.
Rocky Mountain Basics
Outline for Zion National Park
- 1858 - Mormons (members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints) settled
in Zion Canyon to farm the rich soil along the banks of the Virgin River.
-1872 - John Wesley Powell and geologist Grove Karl Gi
Outline for Yosemite National Park
-1848 Gold was discovered in the Sierra Nevada.
-1850s-60s Series of great photographers and painters immortalized the Park (example
Bierstadt and Carleton Watkins (photo).
-1864 Congress granted Yo
Quiz 3 Important Notes
Utahs largest National Park
Confluence of the Green River and Colorado River
Needles form when two intersecting joint sets are closely spaced
Called the Red Rock Country
Water is rare
Canyonlands uplifted Laramide
Outline for Bryce Canyon National Park
Bryce Canyon Basics
-Rocks weathered mainly by slope wash (water flowing along the ground surface) and
landslides (mass wasting), not by stream erosion.
-Bryce Canyon has a cooler climate than nearby
Inventory of National Parks National Park Location
Fall 2005 Size (sq. mi.)
date studied_ Annual visitation
Natural features which make this park special:
Basic geologic description:
Special features or processes of geologic significance
Brief Study Guide for Quiz 3 GS 105
Major geologic topics for quiz:
Parks exhibiting these topics:
Paleogeography of the Permian and the Delaware Sea Guadalupe Carlsbad Reefs Guadalupe Biscayne Ground water and caves Karsts Carlsbad Mammoth Surfac
GS 105 Geology and the National Parks Brief Study Guide for Quiz 2:
This quiz will consist of a series of short answer questions and photo identification questions. All of the photos will be from those presented in class. You are responsible for know