military hardware invented by Philip II, very long spear that was advantageous for Greek
A smoothbore firearm fired from the shoulder. Thrust from exploding powder shoots the
bullet forward like a chest pa
Mao Tse-tung phases
Triangularity of Struggle
Phase 1: organization and politicalization
Phase 2: Popular insurrection and guerrilla warfare
Phase 3: conventional warfare
triangularity of struggle
Have insurgent power and the status quo power
European Empire in Africa 19th Century
ideology (Social Darwinism)
Extracted from bark of cinchona/quinine tree
drug for resistance to malaria
born Otho de Lagery, was Pope from 12 March 1088 until his death. He is most known
for starting the First Crusade (10951099) and setting up the modern day Roman Curia,
in the manner of a royal court, to help run the Church.
The Iraq and Afghanistan Wars
unlike traditional conservatism
like liberals but with different agenda
skeptical about modern liberal agendas
optimistic about power of ideas to change society
Ties to Al-Qaeda
The european population explosion of the 19th century.
Was largely caused by the general disappearance of famine
A mixture of saltpeter, sulfur, and charcoal, in various proportions. The formula, brought
to China in the 400s or 500s, was first u
warriors who pledged loyalty to a noble in return for land.
"Way of the Warrior"
Gratitude and CourageWilling to die for your country.
JusticeDuty before desire; selfishness is wrong.
TruthfulnessHonest more important than preservati
War In Medieval Japan
3 great unifiers of Japan
"Nobunaga gathers the rice, Toyotomi pounds the rice together, Tokugawa lets it rise
and eats it."
Oda Nobunaga victory through use of muskets over cavalry.
The French Revolution, 1789-1799
The French Revolution, even more than the American Revolution, inspired many
As in the American Revolution, Enlightenment ideas against oppressive
government had gained.
King Louis XVI opened the do