world place, time, context
proposition: sense of sentence
truth value: whether a sentence is true or false
truth conditions: conditions that must hold for a proposition to be true
relationships between propositions.
HW1: PHONETICS ANSWER KEY
Vowels and Consonants.
velar consonants in English. [k], [g] and 
voiceless stops (plosives) in English. [p], [t],
What is linguistics?
the study of the structure of the human language
generally not interested in translation or knowing many languages
a descriptive enterprise
linguists observe and describe languages without judgement
can get same res
Branches of Linguistics
phonetics- minimal uses of languages
phonology- study of how sounds and gestures pattern in a language
morphology- how words are formed in a language
syntax- how words in a language are ordered to make phrases or sentences
the study of how sounds pattern in languages
some sounds are more common than others, depends on how widespread languages
are and what their history is
1. sound inventories
where a sound comes from, what certain sounds imply when used
Phonology: Writing Rules
phoneme- in your mind
allophone- actual realization of phoneme
natural classes- groups of sounds that share articulatory properties to the exclusion
of all other sounds
Exercises 13-14 Answers
Week 1 Homework
a. high front tense unrounded vowel (i)
b. mid back lax rounded vowel ()
c. mid front lax unrounded vowel ()
d. low back lax unrounded vowel (a)
a. (I) high front lax unrounded vowel
Exercise 4.6 #2 a-h Answers
sub-eld of linguistics that states meaning in a language
lexical semantics- meaning of words in your lexicon
compositional semantics- meaning of phrases, sentences
Two aspects of meaning
1. sense: mental representation of an expressions meanign
b. [MI_ka] _
a. fox, sheen, lest
b. bowl, little, mouse
c. little, hoe, hat
d. strength, she sowed
e. sadness, rustling
f. trails, hither
h. job, I will occupy
Sound inventories and phonotactic constraints.
(1) (a) Is [stA.p] a possible word in Hawaiian? No.
(b) Why or why not?
Hawaiian only allows C and CV syllables, but the second syllable
in [stA.p] has the form CVC.
(2) [tla.pa] is n