The Rise of Mongol Power
Mongol Empire is huge! Bigger than any country that exists today. It had the
biggest markets, trading hubs, etc. The greatest centers of culture existed in
China, India, and Middle East. Two
The Rise of British Power in India contd.
Effects on the general population
- The English East India Company officials used tax revenues to bolster the English
East India Co. army
- But weapons and uniforms were purchased from Britai
The Rise of British Power in India
End of the early modern period and the beginning of the modern period
This is an 18th century story.
Historical problem- in 1700 most of the Indian Subcontinent was administered by
Indians. By 1800s
The Impact of Atlantic Trade on Asia
We will begin with China
- Ming family was the Chinese family that drove out the Mongols in 1360s.
- Formally proclaim themselves as the emperors of China 1368. They got the
mandate of heaven.
The Impact of Atlantic Silver: The Mughal Empire
The Great Mughal Debate: How did the Mughals acquire this reputation? (Reputation of
- Oriental despotism argument- states that Mughals extracted a lot of wealth from
Europe manufactured Africa slaves Americas sugar Europe
Mercantilism: Caribbean islands trying to benefit from the mainland (Europe)
monopolies. Export good, import bad.
Results of trading: Sugar refining, cotton, ship buil
Motion, efficiency, rationalism, measuring, precision, math, quantification
Views on human beings, people as a resource, labor and property viewed
differently, work is good, risk is good, profit is good,
Europe and the modern world discussion #3
Why were the various Reformations seen as so dangerous?
What was at stake?
How would you characterize the significance of the Protestant Reformation?
Was it primarily religious? Political? Cultural?
Was the Cathol
3. Who were the major players at the Teheran, Yalta, Potsdam Conferences? What
were the major issues discussed and how did their resolution or lacks thereof lead to
the Cold War?
Lai is short for romantic narrative written in verse. Popular in france
The titles are all titles of man names. The Medievel miniature illuminated manuscript.
Moral dilemma due to clash of codes (4): Codes of Christianity, Romantic lo
Europe and the Modern World I
Name of piece
1. The Mystic Marriage of
2. The crucifixion; The
redeemer with Angels;
Saint Nicholas; Saint
3. Virgin and Child
4. Saint Malo
5. Virgin and Child
6. Bust o
The medieval period is distinguished by a high sense of community fostered by fear.
During The Middle Ages, people faced real threats such as famine, disease, and warfare that
encouraged a sense of hierarchical dependency where God was placed at the top.
Europe and the modern world
Who were the winners and losers of the French Revolution? Explain your answer by
addressing why some groups succeeded while others failed. Be sure to address the
role the aristocracy, monarchy, church, sans culot
The Cuban missile crisis is one of the most dangerous confrontations in history as it
could have launched the world into a nuclear war; a war ignited by miscommunication,
pride, and fear but nonetheless hindered by American morals and more importantly fea
Discussion: The European response to Indian cottons
Why cotton? Why not wool?
- Competition against Indian cloth
- Innovation takes place in cotton because thats where the profit is.
The Europeans had two problems
Atlantic Silver in the Global Economy
Silver is the first of the Atlantic goods that moves into the Indian Ocean and has a huge
impact on the Indian Ocean.
There was silver mining in the Caribbean but very small amounts were found Sm
Pax Mongolica (Latin for Mongol peace)
Death of Genghis Khan 1227
Mongols have 2 big rich areas. Area around Beijing and Iran. However, Genghis
Khan suddenly dies.
Primogeniture- property owned by somebody always goes to eldes
Why is it so hard to get information about these Mongols?
- There was the Communist problem. When Genghis Khan died, the Russians
heavily restricted the area in which he was buried. We dont even know where the
burial site is. But its
The Ecumenical World of Islam
People who are part of this world of Islam, consider themselves as being united.
Ecumene means shared space, with differences within the shared space.
Who were the fighting machines that managed to bu
The Indian Exception
The Indian Subcontinent: The Himalayan Mountains served as a border that cut off India
from the other countries.
- Indian religions- Hinduism and Buddhism. These two were indigenous faiths but
around the 7 and 8
Discussion: The Adventures of Ibn Battuta
Idea behind the reading: How did the Islamic world survive and what did that survival
Who is Ibn Battuta?
He is famous because he wrote a big travel log known as the Rahlaa. He is
Trade and Commerce in the Early Modern World 1300-1600
There used to be a neat division in studying trade in commerce and trade in the Islamic
world. However, historians have attacked and disproved periodization.
Oceanic trade flour
The European Quest for India
Todays focus is on 2 things:
1) We will zoom in and try and get hold of one story that will nicely illustrate how
this Indian Ocean world works. We will zoom in on one group of traders.
2) Take the story
Cheap Indian clothes
- Upset social hierarchy.
- There are a wide variety of Indian cottons in the market.
- There were many imitations
- It is cheaper than silk. The Indian clothes looked a lot like silk but it was cheaper.
Religious Conflict and Accommodation in the Indian Ocean
Three areas in this period are unusually diverse in religious terms.
2) Europe- becomes much more diverse because of the Protestant Reformation.
3) Ottoman Empire- su
Religious Conflict and the Protestant Reformation
We will continue to examine this religious accommodation.
Europe was lying at the edge of the world. There was poverty in early modern
Europe. The dynamic Mediterranean was richer. B