100 years war
started over succession conflict. Charles IV of France dies. No legitimate male heir.
Closest male relative: English King Edward III. French dont want English king, name
Charles french cousin Phillip VI to be king.
Flanders: area of contenti
American Revolution: Shot Heard Round the World
French Revolution: Shot that was felt around the world
The American Revolution inspired the French just as a sign that rebellion was possible
and also because France was very actively involved in supporting
Guy Patin physicician to the French monarch. He banned chemistry from the
universities of Paris and refused to use empirical evidence in his medicine. Many people
did not oppose science however.
Scientific Revolution was a slow process not a rapid change.
Cromwell started to purge his parliament of dissenters until parliament only had 60
members remaining, which was called the Rump Parliament.
This parliament loyal only to Cromwell convict Charles I for treason and execute him.
Cromwell gives himself the t
Rene Descartes developed the Scientific Method based on deduction in his book
Discourse on Method. His target audience was not just intellectuals, but lay people as
well. Because of this he published his work in the French vernacular. Descar
Absolutism Divine Right, Absolute Monarch as a result of the belief that god granted
the monarch the right to rule.
Constitutional Monarchy monarch not omnipotent and a set of codified laws
accompanied by a legi
Thomas Paine and Common Sense
(1737-1809) Englishman who moved to the American colonies in 1774 just as the
Revolution was started and then after the revolution he moved to France to participate in
the National Assembly of France during the Revolution.
Catherine the Great called many intellectuals together to try to help her reform Russia
Russia was agriculturally backward so Catherine was advised to modernize farming
techniques, which was moderately successful
Catherine also enco
Mercantalism - Only so much money and wealth in the world and nations need to keep
that wealth within their own orbit.
Mercantalists needed to export more goods than they imported. Colonies arise out of this,
providing the main country with the natural re
Roman Catholicism dominated Western Europe almost exclusively from roughly 400 AD
to 1500 AD
There were dissidents in the Catholic Church, but not very numerous. Heretics and
opponents of Catholicism were persecuted and sometimes e
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Who Was Thomas Paine?
What Does Common Sense Say?
Why Does Common Sense Matter?
SECTION 1: INFLUENCES
Module 1: The Author and the Historical Context
Module 2: Academic Context
Module 3: The