Elements of Film Structure
Structure: film form
Audiovisual design of a film
Techniques used to create a design
Description of a film
Plotline, characters, theme, etc.
Writing a script, hiring cast/crew,
Dealing with light and color
Mise-en-scene: a films overall visual design; refers to the elements placed before the camera
Production Design: the creation of sets, location, costuming, and all visual depictions on screen
How do you want the movie to feel?
Cinematographer: deals with lighting (placement and purpose), film stock, etc.
-Snorkel Lens: a long flexible tube attached to the camera that can be maneuvered through a miniature model
Mechanical effects (ex. Explosions, physical stunts, etc.)
Component of cinema that enables filmmakers to create worlds of the imagination and to overcome the
limits of time, budget, and place
Evolution of Film Sound
Contemporary = multichannel
Sound Field: the acoustical area covered by speaker placement in a surround sound setup;
activated by multichannel sound
Soundstage: the acoustical space established by the front speakers
Narrative in Film
A solid script is the foundation to a rich, well-developed movie because:
1. Furnishes the basic structure
2. Gives dramatic action
Pre-1895 films held to narrative or story
(ex. Lumieres actualities)
Post-1895 have order and action; TEL
Reality in Film
Screen Reality = the principles of time, space, character behavior, and audiovisual design that film
makers organize in a film to create an ordered world on screen
Fundamentals of Reality
a. Ordinary fictional realism
Business and Art
1. Bigger screens for having blown up faces
o Viewer interest
2. Longer takes (8-11 seconds)
3. Movie Palace = the ONLY place you can see a film
1. Smaller screens for close-ups
2. Faster cuts
a. Viewer intere
Criticism: aims to evaluate the merits of a film AND explore thematic content
How are the shots designed and composed?
How effective is the direction of actors?
What contribution does performance make to the whole?
How is the story told?
Legal Issues in Film
Vertical Trust = film studios only distribute their films to their specific studios in order
to make the most money (ex. Paramount distributes its movies to Paramount Theatres)
Limits other studios from showing a high demand film mad