Sociology Exam 1 Study Guide
What is sociological imagination?
The awareness of the relationship between personal experience and the
wider society. Context matters.
Why is it important to understand society?
It links history
How does socioeconomic status impact health outcomes?
Education is important (understanding healthy habits)
In general, poor people do not have much access to:
clean living spaces
preventative health care (typically low paying jobs do
Types of social movements:
Seek limited social change and target a narrow group of people
MADD (mothers against drunk driving)
Target specific groups but advocate for radical change in behavior
Often tied to
Some sociologists study how groups function and the ways in which groups,
networks, and organizations shape the social world.
There are a variety of theories regarding social groups.
Dyads and Triads:
Georg Simmel theorized that we can
How can a sociologist study the environment?
Humans are not separate from nature.
Human societies greatly impact the environment, whether through
deforestation or though emitting pollution into the atmosphere.
Exam 2 Study Guide
Stratification - structured social inequality or, more specifically, systematic inequalities
between groups of people that arise as intended or unintended consequences of social
processes and relationships
Types of stratification syst
History of Capitalism
An economic system in which property and goods are primarily privately
owned, investments are determined by private decisions, and the
distribution of goods are determined primarily by competition in an
Gender and Power
Who has traditionally had power in Western society?
Patriarchy - a society or government in which men hold the power and
women are largely excluded from it.
Perpetuated by the idea that there are innate differences between
men and wom
3 Components of a hypothesis:
independent variable - cause
dependent variable - outcome
direction of operation
Operationalization: exactly how you are going to measure something.
There are a variety of rese
Sex - The biological differences that distinguish males from females.
Gender - A social position; the set of social arrangements that are built
around normative sex categories.
Sexuality - Desire, sexual preference, and sex
Customer/guest oriented server
with excellent interpersonal and
Highly effective at anticipating
Friendly, punctual and
enthusiastic team player.
c. WRIGHT ILLS
Oxford University Press
1959 BOOKS BY C. WRIGHT MILLS
THE SOCIOLOGICAL IMAGINATION (1959)
THE CAUSES OF WORLD WAR THREE (1958)
THE POWER ELITE (1956)
CHARACTER AND SOCIAL STRUCTURE (1953)
(with H. H. G
EARLY WOMEN SOCIOLOGISTS AND THE AMERICAN
SOCIOLOGICAL SOCIETY: THE PATTERNS OF
EXCLUSION AND PARTICIPATION*
MARY Jo DEEGAN
UniverSity of NebraskaLincoln
The American Sociologist 1981, Vol. 16 (February):14_24
American sociology owes a significant debt to
few months ago, I got a letter saying that I had won the lottery. No, not that
kind of lottery. Not a scam lottery either. I won the kind that gives you a
_ week of jury duty.
So I dut
Richard Levine. and
Harvard University Press
Cambridge, Massachusetts. and London, England Copyright 1985 by the President and Fellows of Harvard College T0 Frederick Engels,
All rights reserved ' I t h t'
An Analysis of Ritual
Elements in Social
E very person lives in a world of social encounters, involving him either in facetoface
or mediated contact with other participants. In each of these contacts, he tends to a