The War on Drugs: A Critical Analysis Spring 2011
SOC 324: Criminology;
SOC 324: Criminology; Spring 2011 Final Exam: (Monday April 11, 2011 Friday April 29, 2011) Professor Rolden Hillis
The War on Drugs: A Critical Analysis
A) Introduction Of all tyrann
1. According to your book, did adding more police cause the crime drop?
c. Maybe some modest reductions
2. Do increasing police patrols reduce crime?
3. Will faster response times reduce crime?
Biological and Biosocial Theories
1. Lombroso and his view on criminality are typically associated with the _ school of
2. Sheldons somatotyping involves the assessment of _ to determi
1. Rational Choice emphasizes not only the formal and official aspects of criminal
sanctions but also the _ aspects.
a. known and unknown
b. Expected and Certain
c. Swift and severe
d. Informal and unofficial
2. Routine activities theory is also
Crime: Patterns and Correlates
1. In 2008, crime reached an all time _. Ans: Low
2. The three major sources of measuring crime are? Ans: NCVS, UCR, Self-report
3. Which of the following is not an element of evidence-based crime policy?
FBI Uniform Crime Report (UCR)
About 93% of law enforcement agencies report
Annual reports for all crimes (except traffic violations)
Can be nation-wide, state, county, metropolitan statistical area, and city
What is Criminology? The study of (1) law making (2) law breaking, (3) societal reaction to law breaking
How do we study crime? Different lenses through which to view crime. Every way of seeing is
simultaneously a way of not seeing.
Effects of Incarceration on Future Criminal Behavior
The United States has an abnormally high incarceration rate compared to the rest of the world. In
1980 there was less than 500,000 people in the nations jai
What is criminology?
Criminology is the study of (1) law making, (2) law breaking, (3) societal reaction to law
How do we study crime?
Normative: good vs bad, right and wrong
Legalistic: concerned with law legal definitions of conduct
1. From 1940-1970 prison and jails rates were relatively stagnant.
2. Since 1970 prison and jail rates have increased.
3. In 2001, incarceration rates in the US
the country with the next highest
a. were almost double
b. more t
1. What percentage of cases are settled at trial?
2. A large percentage of offenders escape convictions and punishment due to loopholes
3. Most arrests lead to convictions, an
1. Labeling Theory is useful in explaining the cause of a persons initial criminal/deviant act
2. When policymakers take labeling theories into consideration, alternative sanctions they
could enforce _
1. Which is an element of Hirschis social bonds theory?
e. All of the above
2. Social bonds theory places an emphasis on the role of criminal peers
3. Scientific research shows
Differential Association and Learning Theories
Assumptions of Learning Theories
Blank Slate: People have the tendencies to be criminal or conformist
Everyone has the potential to be deviant (despite race, neighborhood, gender,
1. Social Disorganization Theory is a theory about _
a. Criminal people
b. Criminal places
d. None of the above
2. According to Shaw and McKay, which zone foster the most crime?
a. Central Business District
b. Transitional Zone
1. Which of these is NOT a strain theory discussed in your text?
a. Mertons Strain Theory
b. Cloward and Ohlins Differential Opportunity Theory
c. Cohens Differential Association Theory
d. Agnews General Strain Theory
2. Someone who accepts social
A Brief History of Criminology
A Brief Timeline
Demonic Perspective (Middle Ages, 1200-1600) - EVIL!
Classical School (late 1700s and early 1800s) - Deterrence
Neo-classical School (emerged between 1880 and 1920 and is still with us today) emergence of
Psychoanalytic and Personality Theories
Main focus: abnormal personality type/traits or emotional maladjustment are the
primary causes of crime (but acknowledge early childhood experience and
environmental factors may trigger crim