What are the drawbacks of non-reactive research compared to surveys or
experiments? Limits on research questions that can be used and data validity. Hard to
The coding/classification system used for Content Analysis? (along with instr
Institutional Review Board (IRB) committee of researchers and community members
that oversees, monitors, and reviews the impact of research procedures on human
participants and applies guidelines by reviewing research procedures at a preliminary
Tradition special case of authority of the past. accept it is true because it is the "way
things have always been"
Drawbacks: Might rely on tradition without being fully aware of the it with a belief as
"People from that side of the track will never amoun
independent variable the cause variable, or the one that identifies forces or conditions
that act on something else (e.g. cause, before, input, what you do)
dependent variable the variable that is the effect, result, or outcome of another
What are some ethical issues involved in field research? Covert research: Covert
research: some see it as necessary to gain full knowledge. Some say it undermines
trust between social researchers and society. Never preferable.
What are some ethical issues
Fine's view on competence? Must engage in some activities. Had to play center field
once. Had to be a sub-coach sometimes. Lack of baseball skills mildly limited his
Fine's view on over-involvement? Sometimes could not take extensive notes because
Are there ethical concerns for non-reactive data? Watching people in public can
reduce public trust in social science. Lack of informed consent.
Richness of data Webs of relationships, Variety of activities, Diverse events over time.
Watch and listen Use all senses, concern yourself with minor details, pay attention to
Record the data Information overload is common. Every hour in field typically yields
30 minutes of notes.
Do you typically start with a hypothesis
bilateral descent a kinship system in which both sides of a person's family are
regarded as equally important
matrilineal descent a kinship system in which only the mother's relatives are
patrilineal descent a kinship system in which only the
literature review is a carefully crafted summary of the recent studies on a topic with
key findings and research methods. It documents the sources in the review summary.
importance of lite review Not everyone can understand the statistics, and they must