Zimmer History has a way of repeating itself - even the history of science. Today we are witnessing a revolution in neuroscience, as researchers chart the circuitry of memory, cognition, and emotion, offering the promise of a chemically based medicin
Whiten Humankind's nearest relative is even closer than we thought: chimpanzees display remarkable behaviors that can only be described as social customs passed on from generation to generation As researchers quietly approach a clearing in the Tai Fo
Guidelines for Writing Your Term Paper Quick guide The paper will involve critical reading, writing, topic development, and organizing skills. It should be about 10-12 double spaced pages of polished writing plus the list of references. The paper mus
Vision II: social navigation and the significance of faces
I. Faces get attention in the primate brain
A. Even at the level of single neurons recorded in higher level visual areas of the
1. The neurons respond heavily to actual faces
Radial glia is like a climbing rope that allows cells to migrate
Outermost layer of cortex are the last to develop?
Eminences means bump. ganglionic is clump of cells; not all cells in neocortex are born
in the subcritical zone (spz) can be born in gangl
Critical period of imprininting is first day of birth
Why is brain subject to change in beginning and not later
Note: if kids brain is missing or hurt, other parts of brain can help make up for it a bit,
except cant do this for hippocampus
LTP can last
Affiliative mimicry- person scratches head and the other scratches head4
Sublimal priming: to prime rude u use other things that suggest it like bold bother etc.
Subjects are primed with one or the other of these lists; then they converse with a
Broken Brains: Neuropsychology
I. Whats disordered?
4. Social communication
II. When Brains break
A. From accident (Phineas Gage) and brain accident (stroke, ischemic event)
B. There are mood disorders and thought dis
Communication and Neuropharmacology: the trouble with dopamine
I. The Dopamine (DA) Hypothesis
A. Simplest and oldest version: hyperactivity of DA neurotransmission is responsible
1. Antipsychotic drugs (APDs) that blocked dopamine r
Music and the Brain
I. Speech and Music: Common Elements
A. Music and language differ in the meaning of their elements: Words refer to
objects, musical notes do not
1. Music lacks semanticityit is non-referential in nature and lacks obvious
Autism as a Communication Disorder
I. Social Behavior is a Matter of Communication
II. Autism is a spectrum disorder: ASD
A. Refers to a cluster of conditions appearing early in childhood. All involve severe
impairments in social interaction, c
Vision=fixate; called visual saccate strategy; reading improvement is to try to make brain
take in more in a saccade
Saccade is almost 3 times faster than foveal fixation
When make saccade there is a momentary suppression of our vision so that we dont
Drugs and the Brain
I. Drugs are synaptic actions; drugs are neurotransmitter mimics. Facilitators or blockers
The functionality of a synapse is determined by the identity of its postsynaptic
receptor molecule (not by the neurotransmitter)
The Soul of the Ape
Clive D. L. Wynne My title is borrowed from a book by Eugne Marais (18711936), published posthumously in 1969. Marais was one of the first to make a close study of the behavior of nonhuman primates in the wild. His analyses were f
Pepperberg Section: ANIMAL INTELLIGENCE Parrots were once thought to be no more than excellent mimics, but research is showing that they understand what they say. Intellectually, they rival great apes and marine mammals Bye. I'm gonna go eat dinner.
Author: William H. Calvin Title: Columns and Modules Each cerebral hemisphere has about 52 "areas" on the basis of differences between the thickness of their layers; on average, a human cortical area is about half the size of a business card. Though
The Adapted Mind: The Evolutionary Approach To the Human Mind/Brain
The Adapted Mind: The Evolutionary Approach To the Human Mind/Brain The human mind/brain is a product of natural selection (Darwin). "Variation proposes and selection disposes." (Go
Some Candidate Tools (Modules) Animate monitoring Specific emotions Language Cheater detector Kin recognizer and nepotist
Why might we expect adaptive specializations related to recognizing and aiding kin? Altruism: helping another at a cost to your
A COGNITIVE SCIENTIST'S VIEW OF THE ACADEMIC WORLD
neuropsychology developmental psychology evolutionary psychology social psychology anthropology
Introduction to Brain, Mind, and Behavior
Amended Readings for today's lecture
Techniques for Studying the Thinking/Feeling Brain
January 25, 2008
Chapter 4 Pages 54-59 on fMRI Chapter 5 Pages 79-84 on dissociations and lesions
Techniques: noninvasive and invasive. Functi
Brain evolution: Why is our brain so big?
Fascinating behavior and mental life; human intelligence
How does this.
The perceived difficulties Genome too small Only about 20,000+ structural gene parts
Charles Darwin and the evolutionary continuity of the human mind
The evolution of the animal mind is one of the most exciting problems in the cognitive sciences. Do monkeys and apes, which look so much like us, think like us too? What
Do animals: Use and make tools? Solve problems through insight?
Video - ChimpInsight
Video - Raven and string problem
Do animals: Use and make tools? Solve problems through insight? Invent?
Do animals: Use and make tools? Solve problems through i
Wild Chimpanzee Social Life Group structure: groups can join or split Adult bonding: by both sexes, but relative amount varies, and bonobos have M-F bonds Sex for non-reproductive purposes: bonobos Inter-group relations: much less nasty in bonobos Do
Hypotheses for these brain size increases The tool maker/use H The man-the-hunter/fisher H The social brain/group size H
Sexual selection Intrasexual selection (competition with your own sex) Intersexual selection (mate selection, success with the o
Relative forebrain weight
Relatively large brains have evolved multiple times in different animal lineages, not just once in humans Why? What are the selective pressures for that?
Behavioral characteristics associated with relatively large b
Intelligence in the wild
Western scrub jays The "what, where, and when" of stored perishable and non-perishable food Planning for breakfast Thinking about the future? (Clayton)
Is this really an adaptive specialization of learning? Do food storing
Leonard Food For Thought Dietary change was a driving force in human evolution We humans are strange primates. We walk on two legs, carry around enormous brains and have colonized every corner of the globe. Anthropologists and biologists have long s
Speech and Language
A. Speech, like any other behavioral act, evolved. What are its precursors?
B. Origins: one lifespan, evolutionary origins
C. Whats the message?
3. To whom, for whom? Social context