24. If the temperature and pressure of an ideal gas is tripled, what is the ratio of the new volume to
initial volume?
A. 1
B. 9
C. 3
D. 0.33
25. Under what conditions do real gasses approximate the behavior of an ideal gas?
A. high temperature and low pr
28.
0.500 moles of an ideal gas has a volume of 0.0100 m3 and a temperature of 300 K. What is
pressure of the sample of gas?
A. 125 kPa
B. 143 kPa
C. 157 kPa
D. 198 kPa
E. 217 kPa
Giambattista - Chapter 13 #28
Section: 13.5 Absolute Temperature and the Id
35.
The specific of ice is 2.10 kJ/kg C, the heat of fusion for ice at 0C is 333.7 kJ/kg, the specific
heat of water 4.186 kJ/kg C, and the heat of vaporization of water at 100C is 2,256 kJ/kg.
What is the final equilibrium temperature when 5.00 grams of
70.
An organ pipe is open at both ends. The frequency of the fourth mode is 316 Hz higher than the
frequency of the third mode. If the speed of sound is 340 m/s, then what is the length of the
organ pipe?
A. 53.8 cm
B. 59.8 cm
C. 60.3 cm
D. 62.8 cm
E. 64.
9. A system performs 800 J of work while taking in 500 J of heat. What is the change in internal
energy of the system?
A. not possible.
B. 300 J
C. -300 J
D. 1300 J
E. -1300 J
10. A kilogram of water (c = 4.186 kJ/kg C) is stirred using a 400 watt device
51.
A brass plate with a thickness of 1.00 cm is placed over a copper plate with a thickness of 2.00
cm. The coefficient of thermal conductivity of brass is 100 W/m C and of copper is 400
W/m C. What is the effective coefficient of thermal conductivity fo
70.
The diffusion constant for water in air is 2.4 10-5 m2/s. How long would it take a water
molecule to diffuse a distance of 10.0 meters?
A. 400 hours
B. 450 hours
C. 500 hours
D. 580 hours
E. 600 hours
Giambattista - Chapter 13 #70
Section: 13.8 Collis
78.
An ambulance is generating a siren sound at a frequency of 2,400 Hz. The velocity of sound is
345.0 m/s. The observer is traveling at a velocity of 24.00 m/s toward the ambulance and the
ambulance is traveling at a velocity of 24.00 m/s away the obser
5. Which of the following is NOT included in the internal energy of a system?
A. the kinetic energy of the center of mass
B. the kinetic energy of the individual particles
C. the spring potential energy of the individual particles
D. the chemical energy o
37. The specific heat of ice is 2.10 kJ/kg C, the heat of fusion for ice at 0C is 333.7 kJ/kg, the specific
heat of water 4.186 kJ/kg C, and the heat of vaporization of water at 100C is 2256 kJ/kg. What is
the final equilibrium temperature when 20.0 grams
18.
If 1.00 mol of oxygen is heated at constant pressure of 1.00 atm from 10.0C to 25.0C. What is
the work done by the gas during this expansion?
A. 159 J
B. 125 J
C. 102 J
D. 172 J
Giambattista - Chapter 15 #18
Section: 15.3 Thermodynamic Processes for a
26.
What is the heat needed to heat 16.0 grams of helium gas at constant volume from 20.0C to
85.0C?
A. 4.23 kJ
B. 3.24 kJ
C. 2.02 kJ
D. 1.95 kJ
E. 0.650 kJ
Giambattista - Chapter 14 #26
Section: 14.4 Specific Heat of Ideal Gases
27.
A sample of helium ha
77.
Radiant energy from the Sun reaches the Earth at a rate of 1.70 1017 W. When 30.0% of the
radiant energy is reflected and 70.0% absorbed, the average temperature of the Earth's
atmosphere is 253 K or -20.0C. If the atmosphere reflected 40.0% and absor
18.
A 100 gram aluminum container is at 15.0C. 150 grams of water at 80.0C is added to the
aluminum container. What is the final temperature of the water and the aluminum? (specific
heat of water = 1.00 cal/g C, specific heat of aluminum = 0.215 cal/gm C)
60.
What is the average kinetic energy of an oxygen molecule in a gas with a temperature of
300K?
A. 5.04 1021 J
B. 5.75 1021 J
C. 6.02 1021 J
D. 6.21 1021 J
E. 7.50 1021 J
Giambattista - Chapter 13 #60
Section: 13.6 Kinetic Theory of the Ideal Gas
61.
Th
47. A heat pump takes in 60.0 J of energy from a 250 K thermal reservoir outside a house and
discharges heat energy into a 350 K thermal reservoir inside a house. What is the minimum
amount of work needed to make the pump work?
A. 17.2 J
B. 24.0 J
C. 52.0
59.
A brass rod with a length of 30.0 cm is placed side by side with an aluminum rod with a length
of 30.0 cm and this system is placed between a hot temperature of 100C and a cold
temperature of 10.0C. The coefficient of thermal conductivities of the bra
9.
Water falls a distance of 50.0 meters. The specific heat of water is 1.00 cal/gmC. What is the
increase in temperature of the water after the fall, in C?
A. 0.12
B. 1.03
C. 2.65
D. 5.33
E. 7.50
Giambattista - Chapter 14 #9
Section: 14.2 Heat
10.
200 Jo
57. A Styrofoam cooler has a surface area of 2,700 cm2 and a wall thickness of 3.0 cm. Styrofoam has
a coefficient of thermal conductivity of 0.01 W/m C. A 2.0 kg block of ice is placed inside the cooler
that has a temperature inside of 2.0C. If the heat
22. During an isothermal process, 5.0 J of heat is removed from an ideal gas. What is the change in
internal energy?
A. zero
B. 2.5 J
C. 5.0 J
D. 10 J
23. During an isothermal process, 5.0 J of heat is removed from an ideal gas. What is the work done in
t
8.
An aluminum rod is 20.0 cm in length, has a diameter of 10.0 mm and is at a temperature of
20C. The coefficient of linear expansion of aluminum is 23.0 10-6/C. If the temperature
changes to 50C, then the increase in diameter of the aluminum rod is
A. 4
72. What are the dimensions of the diffusion constant?
A. m/s3
B. m3/s2
C. m3/s
D. m2/s
E. m/s2
Chapter 13 Key
1.
If the temperature changes by 15C, then what is the change in temperature in Fahrenheit?
A. 27F
B. 30F
C. 32F
D. 40F
E. 47F
Giambattista - Ch
60. What is the average kinetic energy of an oxygen molecule in a gas with a temperature of 300K?
A. 5.04 1021 J
B. 5.75 1021 J
C. 6.02 1021 J
D. 6.21 1021 J
E. 7.50 1021 J
61. The rms velocity of an oxygen molecule in a gas is 390 m/s. If the absolute te
16.
A brass plate measures 30.0 cm by 40.0 cm. The coefficient of linear thermal expansion is 19.0
10-6/C. If the temperature of the plate is increased by 10.0 K, then what is the increase in the
area of the plate?
A. 0.350 cm2
B. 0.404 cm2
C. 0.456 cm2
36. One mole of an ideal gas with a volume of 4.00 liters and a temperature of 0C is mixed with one
mole of an ideal gas with a volume of 2.00 liters and a temperature of 100C. The volume of the
mixture is 6 liters. What is the N/V of the mixture?
A. 1.75
16. A 50.0 g glass container contains 200 g of water all at 20.0C. A 20.0 g piece of an alloy at 100C
is added to the water in the container. The final temperature of the mixture is 24C. What is the
specific heat of the alloy, in cal/gm C? (specific heat
39.
An ideal gas is at a temperature of 30C and a pressure of 2.00 atmospheres. What is the
number of particles per unit volume of the gas?
A. 6.23 1025 m-3
B. 6.02 1025 m-3
C. 5.98 1025 m-3
D. 5.15 1025 m-3
E. 4.85 1025 m-3
Giambattista - Chapter 13 #39
6.
What physical quantity is represented by the area under a curve on a PV diagram where
pressure is in Pa and V is in m3?
A. Area in meters2
B. Work in Joules
C. Heat in Watts
D. Heat in Joules
E. Work in Calories
Giambattista - Chapter 15 #6
Section: 15
48. What is the average kinetic energy per particle in 1.00 mole of an ideal gas at a pressure of 1.50
atmospheres and a volume of 2.00 liters?
A. 5.35 10-22 J
B. 6.02 10-22 J
C. 6.67 10-22 J
D. 7.57 10-22 J
E. 8.24 10-22 J
49. What is the average kinetic