Arius vs Athenasius
*Arius: high ranking, from what is today is Libya - son was subordinate to the father
*Athenasius: from alexandria and egypt - son and father co-equal
325: emperor Constantine convened the Council of Nicea - finding out what the answer
The Origins of Christianity
I. Introduction: In the beginning.
a. Christian focus on Jesus, placing him in context of Judaism.
b. Knowledge of early Christianity and Jesus based on documents/traditions of early
Christianity. Many documents existed; many l
The Historical Jesus
Hagiography-biographical account that elevates the person in question to sacred heights
Did he exist? Did Jesus exist? -consensus is that he did- there are other text that mention
him, he existed b/c this movement existed (do you allo
That Which Unites and Divides
I. Practice and Performances
b. Common Rituals
c. The Christian Year begins with Advent (4 Sundays prior to Christmas); leading
up to Christmas. Celebrated around celebration of unconquered sun; winter
Roman Catholic Christianity
I. The Pope: emergence of Bishop of Rome.
II. Medieval Elements:
a. Monks monastic communities. Monks aint no new thang. 1st Christian Monk:
Antony, embrace the lifestyle of Christianity full time, and withdraw from world.
Med Christian Theology
-Anselm (1033-1109) - arch bishop of Canterbury / distinguish between scriptural
authority (revelation) and reason / it is not enough to say that God exist because the Bible
says it does (this is circular logic) - find another way t
I. Accounts of Jesus Matthew, Mark, Luke, John. Thought that gospels not written by
these figures, but others attribute work to them to align with school of thought or
a. 1st Gospel: Mark. Generally agreed to be earliest. Gospels fir
Early Christian Church
1. Early Interpretations: early community of Christian church defined by debate, discourse.
Divided into sects, usually headed by one person.
a. Paul leader of interpretation that will become dominant, most influential to
Development of other Christian Documents
-generally the letters of John that help the early church draw a distinction between mortal
sin and venial sin
Sin and Heresy:
*Mortal: sin regarding a grave matter, deprives the soul of god completely, they must b
-Canon (1st of Sacred Writings)
-Jewish testament (39)
-Christian testament (27)
-E Orthodox 39 + 13
-R Catholic 39 + 7
-Protestant 39 of original Jewish Canon
There were alternate canons created during the Christian Movement:
The Protestant Reformation
-John Wycliff (1384) - englishman, prof at oxford, launched attack against the Eucharist that it actually becomes the blood and body of Christ, taking objection to the literalism of
this - the Bible is the final authority exceed