Anti Semitism and the Enlightenment
It may have seemed that the Jews were the only victims of a Dark Ages mindset
Years of superstition and fear
Literacy abysmally low
Science under the thumb of the church
Medical practice quite limit
The most outspoken French scholar of the Enlightenment
His writings landed him in prison on numerous occasion
He considered himself a deist and had a major impact on the founding of America
He thought that no particular religion was necessary for
The Nazis dedicated themselves to the extermination of the Jews as a priority in
winning the war.
The success of their actions almost resulted in the extermination of all Jewish life
Although Christianity began as a J
Jean-Jacques Rousseau, French scholar wrote about the political rights
o His ideas are repeated in the founding principles of America
Montesquieu Spirit of the Laws, Great French Jurist believed that the laws of
many countries should be
Prisoners of War
The Nazi mentality was to shoot to kill in reaction to any type of resistance.
Crimes committed by Nazi soldiers were not to be punished. This was an open
invitation for soldiers to behave in any way towards civilians.
Nazism and Racism
Adam & Eve
No one may say, My blood is purer than yours.
Rabbis viewed the story as a great sociological truth
Because all humans descended from the same original parents, no one can see
themselves greater than another
Propaganda attempts to force a doctrine on the whole people.
Propaganda works on the general public from the standpoint of an idea and
makes them ripe for the victory of this idea. Mein Kampf
March 1933 Hitler established a Reich Ministry
Der Fuhrer: Adolph Hitler
Austrian, not German
Failed at art school
Hitler was outraged by the Versailles Treaty in 1918
o It required the nation to pay heavy war debts
Hitler joined the Nazi party in the early 1920s.
o He found a home among
Moses Mendelssohn (1729-86)
The most influential Jewish scholar of the time
Haskalah- Hebrew word of Enlightenment
He called for freedom of worship and new patterns for liturgy
He translated the Pentateuch into modern German with a scholarly commentary
Homosexuality: A behavioral choice
Nazi persecution of homosexual men was directly related to their
population policy, and the role that they believed Aryan German men must
fulfill in the 3rd Reich.
They placed great importance on high birth rates, like i
The Nazi government did everything they could to get Jews to leave Germany.
You were not allowed to transfer banks across country borders.
Those who did leave were completely impoverished by the time they crossed the
border out of Germany.
Concentration Camps and German Code
Temporary detention centers for the re-education of political opponents
Individuals were imprisoned without trial
These early camps should not be mistaken for the war time camps that had forced
World War II
German forces invade Poland September 1, 1939
Wartime: German Jews Restricted
o Strict curfew
o Exclusion from certain areas of cities
o Limited time to purchase provisions/supplies
o Allotment of smaller rations
o Radios, appliances, bicycle