Children and Parents
-About 2.5% of U.S. children are adopted.
-The nature of adoption has been changing over time.
-Single, white birth mother less likely to happen.
-Kids in foster care most likely to be adopted by their foster parents or their
FROM 1970 TO 2001 THE NUMBER OF GRANDPARENTS ACTING AS
PARENTS HAS TRIPPLED
THEY ARE NOW PARENTING 2 GENERATIONS IN THE SAME HOME
PROBLEMS THAT ARRISE ARE MONEY, ENERGY, IDEAS, AND VALUES
A BENEFIT OF THIS IS HAPPIER CHILDREN
QUALITIES OF A SUCCESSFUL MARRIAGE
4 CRITERIA FOR EVALUATING MARITAL SUCCESS
LASTING AND DURABLE
STABILITY AND SATISFACTION NOT THE SAME
IMPORTANT IDEALS ARE MET
IDEALS CAN ONLY BE MET IF REALISTIC
FULFILLLMENT OF NEEDS
3 TYPES PSYCHOLOGICAL,
ATTRACTION AND DATING
INITIALLY IMPORTANT MORE SO FOR MALES
COUPLE ATTRACTIVENESS = PERCEPTION OF HOW HAPPY COUPLES ARE
BY HOW ATTRACTIVE THEY ARE
MOST FAVORABLE PRECEIVED AS A HAPPY COUPLE
ATTRACTIVE MALE/ATTRACTIVE FEMALE
INCREASE IN NEVER-MARRIED ADULTS:
IN 2007 25.2% OF U.S. ADULTS 18 YEARS AND OLDER WERE NEVER
1 IN 4 AMERICAN HAS NEVER BEEN MARRIED
SOCIODEMOGRAPHICS OF NEVER MARRIEDS
AGE 72% UNDER 34 YEARS OLD
25 29 YEAR OLDS RAPPIDLY RIS
HISTORY OF THE NORMAL
Abraham de Moivre
18th century statistician and consultant to
distributions for flips of a coin
When the number of flips increase noticed approached
a smooth curve
SPSS Instructions for Doing Descriptive Statistics
Data are entered into one column. Set up the column in Variable View.
In the Data View, enter the data.
Send the variable to the right. If you w
/STATISTICS=STDDEV RANGE MINIMUM MAXIMUM MEAN MEDIAN MODE SKEWNESS
SESKEW KURTOSIS SEKURT
Frequencies Gracie Real 1C-BER 345 005
Missing Value Handling
Each correct answer is worth 1 point. Please turn in just the answers at the start of class on
A new-car dealer offers a car in four body styles, in ten colors, and with a choice of three
engines. In how many differen
C a Tables
Areas under Standard Normal Curve for Values of z
Source: From table Ili of R. A Fisher & F. Yates,
Southwest Asia and North Africa
Southwest Asia and North Africa is awkward and complex term
Difficult to define regional boundaries
Global culture hearth that exemplifies globalization
Many states belong to Organization of the Petroleu
LOVE AND MATE SOLLECTION
WHAT IS LOVE?
WE DEFINE LOVE ACCORDING TO OUR OWN EXPERIENCES
LOVE = VERY LARGE CONCEPT WITH MANY DIMENSIONS
STRONG EMOTION AND FEELING
DESIRE TO BE TOGETHER
The Rise of the Private Family: 1900-Present
The Early Decades
-Period of rising prosperity, 1890s-1920s
-More premarital sex, inappropriate behavior
-Decline in birth rate
-Rise in the divorce rate AND marriage rate
-Marriage was seen as an outlet for gr
Cohabitation and The Marriage Market
-Household sharing by unmarried persons in a sexual relationship
-More common among the less affluent, and the less educated.
-2007: 6.4 million cohabitating household in the U.S.
-Many cohabiter have chil
Courtship and Marriage
Forming a Union
-A union is a stable intimate relationship between 2 people who live together and may or
may not be married.
-Parents have more influence when land and wealth are factors.
-Parental influence is not as stro
Families and the Economy and Social Classes
Importance of Education
(education has become much more important for being able to survive in this country)
-Factory jobs used to be the norm
-Today without college: we have low paying service and unskilled man
Gender and Families
-Native Americans who behave in the manner of the opposite sex in which he was born.
-Becoming two-spirit by:
1. Showing androgyny in childhood
2. Having certain spiritual visions during your adolescents
History of American Racial and Ethnic Minorities
-An African heritage?
-Do African-American families show a mark of African families or their oppression
from white people?
-Historically, strong ties to extended kin (as a source o
History of the Family
Study of the Family
-Philippe Aries, John Demos
-found that children are treated as little adults
-Childhood- as a protected stage only emerged after the spread of schooling, and
the decline in infant mortality.
Origins of Family and
Methods and Theories of Family Sociology
How do we know what we know?
-Strive for objectivity
-Difficult in sociology because we all have human relationships
-Use scientific method
-Organized series of steps which ensure maximum objectivity and consistenc
Public and Private Families
Marriage and Individualism
-Seinfeld clip about marriage
-Traditionally were arent adult until we get married
-We form our ideas on what a family is based on what we see around us
-Marriage-centered family life is preferred
Race an Ethnicity in the United States
-People who share:
-A common identity
-Ancestry, culture, and sometimes physical characteristics
Constructing Racial-Ethnic Groups
-Great differences in family structure by race and ethnicity
-Set of practices and attitudes leading to identity formation
-Heterosexual, homosexual, bisexual, etc.
Act vs. Identities
-Until 19th century, only 2 types of sex acts
-Socially approved: Sex within marriage for procreation
Normal Distribution Examples
Find the area under the standard normal distribution curve. Use the table that was provided in
Blackboard. Remember, the nal answer will NEVER be negative.
Look under the Z column and nd 1.23.
What is the number