Gym Climbing Basics
1. Static movements are
2. Dynamic movements are
3. Proper weight shifting involves
1. Belay devices are used for which two reasons?
2. Which two features of a tubular device provide friction?
Edges make up a significant portion of the grips used in climbing.
Easiest types of edges are incut
o allow the fingers to slide to the back of the hold and stay relatively secure.
Crimping holding onto an edge with the second knuckle poi
Carabiners- links that climber uses to attach pieces of gear, webbing, and ropes.
They are a closed ring of aluminum alloy or steel that open with a spring-loaded gate to keep the
There are several carabiner body types, gates,
Where a handhold is located dictates:
o how you grab the hold
o what body positioning is required to allow you to hold onto it with as little effort as
Many different possibilities of where a hold is in relation to body
o Arm can
For most starters, main objective is to get to the top of the wall or route.
Plenty of incentive to keep climbing, most people challenge themselves by climbing more
difficult climbs as ability improves.
Most people think climbing is an
Flexibility and Stretching
Joint, tendon, and muscular motion affects climbing performance and prevents
Tight tendons and ligaments limit bodys range of motion
o Can get in the way of proper body positioning while climbing and may
1. What are some of the problems with climbers who lack flexibility?
Tight tendons and ligaments limit range of motion
Hindrance of proper body positioning
Increased risk of injury
2. What is the difference between strength and endurance with
An exercise that can be done to improve strength is a knee lift exercise using a
ngerboard. To do this, one student will hang from the ngerboard above the door in the
corner of the gym. Students will take
Top Rope Climbing
Climbs are rated on the Yosemite Decimal System (YDS)
Roped climbs are considered 5th class climbs.
o Without a rope, a fall from the route while climbing can be fatal
The other categories, 1-4 class, refer to outdoor terrain ranging fro
Belay device- helps hold climber if he/she falls
o Smoothly lower climber to ground with control
o Used by belayer
Device attaches to belayers harness and climbing rope
o Creates friction to allow belayer to control rope
Most belay devices c