Pgs. 93-104 I. Voluntariness- Some people use the term voluntariness as a synonym for autonomy. If that were true, then it would deal with "adequate knowledge, the absence of psychological compulsion, and the absence of external constraints" (93). Bu
First we will discuss Case 15 and how it relates to issues of autonomy I. Nonmaleficence- The notion of nonmaleficence is that one of a medical professional's primary duties is to do no harm to a patient or research subject. This seemingly simple pri
(continued from last time) E. Look at the list on pg. 73 to see how standards of competence can vary, from relatively weak to relatively strong. As the requirements get stronger they also get harder to detect in patients. F. As a rule, Institutional
First we will discuss Case 6 and pgs. 43-44, which discuss assisted suicide. Questions from the test will come from these cases, but they will NOT appear on the study guide. So know them. I. Whether Intentionally Arranged Deaths are ever Justified- t
I. Basics of autonomy A. Remember that a large part of Kants theory involved the connection between autonomy and morality. He believes that we owe people respect because they are rational, just like we are. For Kant, rationality and autonomy (freedom
I. What is Ethics?
Ethics is a branch of philosophy, also known as moral philosophy. Ethics is the study of the
rightness, wrongness, or neutrality of actions, motives, character, and consequences.
The words ethics and moral theory are mostly used interch
From the last handout you remember the distinction between practical reasoning and what
one might call theoretical reasoning or factual reasoning. We also noted the fallacy of
inferring ought-statements from is-statements (normative from de
Divine Command Theory
Divine Command Theory is a moral theory that tells you that morality depends on God. There are
various formulations of it (and, of course, the exact moral principles that follow will depend on what
religion you think is the correct o