Speaker of the House
HOR Majority Leader
HOR Minority Leader
HOR Minority Whip
HOR Majority Whip
President Pro Tempore
Senate Majority Leader
Senate Majority Whip
Latin for a friend in the court
describes a brief in which individuals not involved with a suit may have their views heard
Chief of state
a symbol of national authority and unity
ceremonial responsibilities attending funerals, proclaiming of
Buckley v Valeo (1976)
The case took into account the validity of the FECA (Federal Election Campaign Act) of
1971/1974. The judgement upheld the requirements to report expenditures of the campaigns
and the limits on contributions for campaigns. The rulin
Declaration of Independence
- document announcing the intention of the colonies to separate from Great Britain based on
shared grievances about the treatment of the colonists by the British government.
a shared sense of understanding and belonging
-resolving social problems
-"who gets what, when, and how"`
the individuals that make society's rules and also possess the POWER and AUTHORITY to
enforce those rules.
Gov's 3 Purposes
1. resolves conflicts [using authority and power]
Key political Science
(Case Selection)-> (Assumptions)->(Theory)->(Evaluation of theory)
Very few sometimes one or two govern (Dictatorship)
A form of government in which a small group controls most of the governing
The Paradox of Political Participation
- About half of Americans Vote
- Most never participate in any other way
- Some people argue it is irrational for people to vote
Costs and Benefits of voting
- Costs of Voting?
- Benefits of Voting?
- Benefits must o
When a majority party controls the gov't with little to no opposition from other parties. Feared by
the Founders. If a Majority rules, it could tyrannize the minority. One reason why checks and
balances were incorporated into U.S. gov't.
those rights and responsibilities of US govt specifically provided for and listed in the constitution
article 1 section 8 gives congress the right to make all laws "necessary and proper" to carry out
its enumerated respons
the totality of the departments and agencies of the executive branch of the national government
government workers employed under the merit system; does not include political appointees
federal government c
What is public opinion?
the collective political beliefs and attitudes of the public, or groups within the public, on matters
of relevance to government.
How do political scientists define political
as the learning process in which individu
individual rights and freedoms that government is obliged to protect, normally by not interfering
in the exercise of these rights and freedoms.
procedural safeguards that government officials are obligated to follow prior to re