Autotroph in which an organism that produces its own nutrients from inorganic
substances or from the environment instead of consuming other organisms
Photosynthesis - process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sunlight, carbon
The Limits on Food Chain Length usually only a few links long
Two main hypotheses:
Energetic hypothesis: the length of a food chain is limited by the
inefficiency of energy transfer along the chain;
Biomass: the total mass of all individuals in a populat
Cryptic coloration: type of Camouflage that makes prey difficult to
Aposematic coloration: gives off a Bright, warning coloration
exhibited by animals with effective chemical or physical defenses
Batesian mimicry: a harmless spec
group of populations of different species living close enough to
Interspecific interactions: relationship between individuals of two or
more species in a community; include competition, predation,
herbivory, and symbiosis.
1st law of thermodynamics: Principle of conservation of energy. Energy can be
transferred and transformed, but it cannot be created or destroyed.
2nd law of thermodynamics: principle whereby every energy transfer or
transformation increases the entr
Spermatozoa: Male gametes also known as sperm in male body
Testes: Where the sperm is made in males.
Tubules: The tiny tubes where sperm are made. These are located in the testes
Umbilical Cord: Joins the embryo (baby) to the placenta
1. Amnion: this is a fluid that surrounds the embryo to support and protect it.
2. Cervix: neck of the womb that leads to the vaginaa
3. Chromosomes: Located in the nucleus, they are made of DNA and protein, contain genetic
4. Ejaculation: Pr
Iraq has a total population of about 28,945,569 and is the 40th most populated
country in the world, with a population growth rate of 2.506%. Baghdad, the capital city,
consists of the highest population out of all the cities. Demographics stan
Chapter 15 questions
1. Each Supreme Court justice is assigned _ clerk(s).
2. The jurisdiction of each federal court is derived from
a) the Constitution and federal law.
b) the Supreme Court.
c) state laws.
Cellular Respiration this is known as the process by which cells obtain energy from
carbohydrates; atmospheric oxygen combines with glucose to form water and carbon
Glycolysis- on our body, the anaerobic breakdown of glucose to pyruvic acid, which
Ecological succession: this is the transition in the species
composition of a community following a disturbance. The disturbed
area may be colonized by a variety of species, which are gradually
replaced by other species, which are in turn replaced by sti
Biology Vocab wk
Cell - membrane bound structure that is the basic unit of life
Cell Membrane - lipid bilayer that forms the outer boundary of the cell
Cell Theory - says that all living things are made of cells, that cells are the basic unit of
1. anticodon: the group of three bases on a tRNA molecule that are
complementary to an mRNA codon
2. bacteriophage: the one virus that infects only bacteria
3. base pairing: this is the principle that bonds in DNA can form only
between adenine and thymine
Biology Review notecard
Cellulose The Component of the cell wall of plants
The Primary part of the plant that is used for photosynthesis
Reproductive part of an anthophyte
Moist environment environment necessary to transport sperm and
Biology - Ch. 8 vocab list
exocytosis the active transport process by which materials are secreted or expelled from
facilitated diffusion the passive transport of materials across a plasma membrane by
transport proteins embedded in the plasma membr
Ap bio quiz answers
a class of pigments that are present in the thylakoid membrane of plants and that aid in
in the thylakoid membranes of chloroplasts, a cluster of chlorophyll and other pigment
molecules that har
1. If someone is arrested because their home was searched by police without a legal
warrant, they could argue in court that they have been denied of
a) a writ of habeas corpus.
b) their Miranda rights.
c) a writ of certiorari.
d) judicial revie
Identify the labeled structure
What phylum does this organism belong to?
What is the name of the phylum of red algae?
Phylum Myxogastrida includes what types of organisms?
This organism exhibits what type of sexual reproduction?
What are these organisms a