BUDDHISM: Basic Teachings
SIDDHATTHA GAUTAMA (ca. 446 366 B.C.E.)
The historic Buddha (= The Enlightened One, The Awakened One)
Also known as Sakyamuni (Sage of the Sakya Clan)
Also Tathagata (Thus Gone One)
PRE-BUDDHIST CONCEPTS & PRACTICES
Women Under Feudalism
Giri vs. ninjo: Giri: duty/obligation to ones family, class, society; general sense of honor But society
cant be based entirely on obligations; there must be room for feelings. Obligations alone dont create
an orderly, har
Tokugawa society values: very hierarchical and structured Values and institutions: how do they relate
to people/interpersonal relationships?
Gender / class (samurai, merchants) / status: rich/poor (merchant); rank/income (samurai)
On the film, Hara-kiri: Characteristics of the Iyi clan:
- reputation (opposed to personal honor)
no compassion - ritual (such as the robes, etc)
ancestral greatness (revered ancestral armor) - very male
vs. Motome and Hanshiro
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Popular beliefs and superstitions versus Buddhist values
Whats the purpose of Japanese ghost stories?
- story usually has a moral
What are the
Christianity in Japan
Japan didnt take easily to Christianity; Christianity mostly only took some root in
southern Japan, e.g. Nagasaki. Even today, there isnt much Christian influence in Japan.
The Portuguese brought Christianity with trade.
Medieval period: 1185-1867
- Pre-1185: rule by emperor and aristocrats
- Japan ruled by warrior class (samurai) (this is what this class covers)
- Feudal Society - period of war and fragmentation, then peace and unification
Religion, Aesthetics, and Superstition
The movie Onibaba is based on an old Buddhist tale, A Mask with Flesh Scared a Wife
about a mother who tries to stop her daughter from being virtuous by frightening her
with a mask, but the daughter is so
Overview of Tokugawa society
morality, harmony, culture of pleasure, fixed social hierarchy (merchants v.
immorality, conflict, insecurity/instability, inequality/discrimination
The upper level represents the ideals of Tokugawa society
Tying up loose ends and beginning the next unit.
On the film, Rikyu: What are some contrasts between Rikyu and Hideyoshi?
Hideyoshi - brooding
- reactive - mature
- not as mature - finds beauty in
simplicity/imperfection - impulsive - sel