Qualitative Research usually
It is not unusual that with the use of case studies, you supplement it with other forms of
An intensive, in-depth study and analysis of one unit.
Trying to identify the kinds of relationships that exist, how w
The variables representing the concepts have to be very specific.
Have to have well-defined and observable variables.
The more specific they are the better. The oppose extreme of case studies
Clear sucisnt Hypotheses
Have some type of a cross-time
Data Matrix: A device used to organize data into a meaningful form that you can use for analysis
The same form of a spread sheet
Have some identifying information that stands for a unit
Colomns: Variables, traits, attributes
Rowes: Units of analysis (peop
Analysis of some kind of communication
A chance for you to look at documents, or verbal, to analyze the content
(LISTEN TO THIS PART)
Structural Nature of the Content
Gunning Fog Index:
Deals with the complexity of what is in the communication
Assigning a symbol to your unit of analysis.
Assigning a value to the information that you have collected. This will facilitate your
analysis. This is why you go through the process of coding information.
What are the traits, what are the characteristics
Understand that there will be some kind of error in your data collection
Strategy used to overcome shortcomings of errors
You collect more than one type of information (3)
All of the information is relavent to the question you have asked
Providing a stimulus to the people you want to study-a question
Every respondent must receive the same stimulus
One treatment and that it is the same for every individual
If we're going to make comparisons across respondents: does the question mean the sa
A special kind of qualitative approach
Have to recognize that the approach gives you laerge amount of data that if fairly structured
On the notion that we can represent what we are studying with numbers
The use of numbers is com
Univariate analysis that you would expect to find: Describe
Two variables: which is dependent and which is independent
Row: Dependent variable
One column for each of the values that you have for an independent variable
Bivariate % table
in depth understanding of the phenomena
first approach in an area, because you don't know very much about what you're studying
don't know much about the variables we are studying.
often it's the amount of info you have that determines which y
You either are, or aren't something: Dummy Binary?
"In the party"
"Not in the party"
Frequencies do not suffice as stating whether or not your can reject the null
Need to look at significance tests
Chi Square for Cross tabs (nomi
Non-invasive methods: Observations
What are the inferences from what is being made about what data I'm collecting, how I'm
collecting it, and how clear they are?
A smaller group from the population, that you collect data from, and then you make
Format is very important
Standard Practice: if you are going to ask questions that people are reluctant to give, then put
them at the end of the interview, if it could prevent them from finishing the interview. If there's going
to be a termination, you wa
When you should consider a comparative approach
A research problem where you are interested in a setting, a system of what you are
Suspect there is impact from the environment from the larger system
Most likely to see how an agency works, what i
Can have interference from of the impact from a variety of places
Things experimentalists are concerned about with regard to the kinds of analysis of experimental
Can affect the validity of the results
History takes place, something h