Journal of Advanced Nursing, 1986,11,643-649
The Human Needs Model of Nursing
Jean Minshull SRN SCM RCNT DNcfw_Lon) DANS(Man) RNT Senior Tutor. Curriculum
Development. Kathryn Ross SRN OND SCM RCNT RNT Nurse Tutor. Curriculum Development
and Janet Turner
Chapter 19: Heart and Neck Vessels
STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION
Heart-a muscular pump
o When the heart contracts, it pumps blood simultaneously in to both loops.
o Extends from the 2nd to 5th intercostal space and from the right border of the
sternum to the le
Chapter Nine: Drug Therapy During Pregnancy and Breast-Feeding
Drug use during pregnancy is common.
Some drugs are used to treat pregnancy related conditions, such as nausea, constipation
Pregnant patients may take drugs of abuse, such as
Chapter 16: Nose, Mouth & Throat
NOSE- The 1 segment of the respiratory system
It warms moistens, and filters the inhaled air, and it is the sensory organ for smell.
The superior part is the bridge and the free corner is the tip.
The oval openings at t
Chapter 1: Orientation to Pharmacology
Drug- Any chemical that can affect living processes.
Pharmacology- The study of drugs and their interactions with living systems.
o Pharmacology encompasses the study of the physical and chemical properties of
Chapter 46 Bowel Elimination
Regular elimination of bowel waste products is essential for normal body functioning.
Alterations in bowel elimination are often early signs and symptoms of problems within
either the gastrointestinal or other body systems.
Chapter 17: Breasts and Regional Lymphatics
The breasts or mammary glands, are present in both females and males.
Female Breasts- accessory reproductive organs whose function is to produce milk for
nourishing the newborn.
Breasts- lie an
Chapter 23: Neurologic System
The nervous system can be divided into 2 parts, Central and Peripheral.
The CNS includes the brain & the spinal cord.
The PNS includes all the nerve fibers outside the brain & spinal cord: the 12 pairs
of cranial nerves, 3
Therapeutic Objective: To provide maximal benefit with minimal harm
Drug-Any chemical that can affect living processes.
Pharmacology-Study of drugs & their interactions with living systems
Clinical Pharmacology- Study of drug
Chapter Three: Drug Regulation, Development, Names & Information
Landmark Drug Legislation
Federal Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906-The 1st American law to regulate drugs which
set standards for drug quality & purity in addition to strength.
o Focused on p
PHARMACOLOGY QUIZ 3
21. Fluticasone Propionate (nasal) \Generic available.-used in allergic rhinitis-steroid nasal
22. Escitalopram-No generic available.-SSRI- similar s/e as citalopram
Used as an antidepressant
Chapter Two: Application of Pharmacology in Nursing Practice
Evolution of Nursing Responsibilities Regarding Drugs: A nursings responsibility regarding
medications is focused on:
The right drug, patient, dosage, route, time, assessment, documentation, ev
Chapter 45: Urinary Elimination
Urinary elimination depends of the function of the kidneys, uterus, bladder & urethra.
KIDNEYS- remove waste from the blood to form urine. Play a key role in electrolyte &
The left kidney is higher than the
Chapter 48: Skin Integrity & Wound Care
Skin- the largest organ in the body which constitutes for 15% of the total adult body weight.
It is a protective barrier against-causing organism & a sensory organ for pain,
temperature & touch & it synthesizes vit
Chapter 43: Pain Management
Pain is purely subjective
Pain- (defined by the International Association for the Study of Pain) An unpleasant
subjective sensory & emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue
Nature of Pain- The pa
Pharmacology Final Exam Review:
Thrombolytic (Fibrinolytic) Drugs
o *Thrombolytic drugs are given to remove thrombi that have already formed*
o They are different from anti-coagulants which are given to prevent thrombus
o Three types of Thrombo
Chapter 18: Thorax and Lungs
Thoracic cage- bony structure with conical shape, which is narrower at top; defined by:
Sternum, 12 pairs of ribs, and 12 thoracic vertebrae.
Diaphragm- (floor) a musculotendinous septum that separates the thoracic cavity fr
Chapter 44: Nutrition
Nutrition is a basic component of health and is essential for normal growth &
development, tissue repair, cellular metabolism, & organ function.
The human body needs adequate amounts of nutrients for essential functions of cells.
Chapter 20: Peripheral Vascular System & Lymphatic System
The Vascular System consists of vessels of the body.
o Vessels- tubes for transporting fluid, such as blood or lymph.
o Any disease in the vascular system creates problems with delivery of 02 &
Chapter 9: Culture & Ethnicity
Racial & ethnic minorities often experience poorer access to health care and lower
quality of preventative, primary & specialty care.
Populations with health disparities have an increased incidence of disease or increased
Chapter 6: Health & Wellness
Nurses who understand how patients react to illness can minimize its effects & help
patients & their families maintain or return to the highest level of functioning.
Healthy People- provides science-based, 1o year national ob
Chapter 23: Legal Implications in Nursing Practice
Understanding the legal implications of nursing practice demands critical reasoning skills
to protect the patients rights & the nurse from liability.
Legal Limits of Nursing
Sources of Law-T
Chapter 8: Caring for the Cancer Survivor
The major forms of cancer therapysurgery, chemotherapy, hormone therapy,
biological response modifiers, & radiation therapyoften create unwanted long-term
effects on tissues & organ systems that impair a person
Chapter 24: Communication
Communication- A lifelong process, As a nurse you communicate with patients & families to
collect meaningful assessment data, provide education & interact using therapeutic
communication to promote personal growth & attainment of
Chapter 42: Sleep
Achieving the best possible sleep quality is important for the promotion of good health &
recovery from illness.
Sleep- a cyclical physiological process that alternates with longer periods of wakefulness.
o The sleep-wake cycle influenc
Chapter 7: Caring in Nursing Practice
Caring is a key component of what the nurse brings to the patient experience.
The core of nursing is knowledge & care.
During times of illness or when a person seeks the professional guidance of a nurse,
Chapter 25: Patient Education
Patients have the right to know & be informed about their diagnoses, prognoses, &
available treatments to help them make intelligent, informed decisions about their
health & lifestyle.
Standards for Patient Education
Chapter 22: ETHICS AND VALUES
Ethics- The study of conduct & character.
o Concerned with determining what is good or valuable for individuals, for groups
of individuals, & for society at large.
Autonomy- The commitment to include patients in