Drama that is sung to orchestral accompaniment,
usually a large-scale composition employing vocal soloists,
chorus, orchestra, costumes, and scenery.
Text of an opera.
Dramatist who writes the libretto, or text, of an
Study all 11 terms Study 0 terms only
Hymn tune sung to a German religious text.
Short composition for organ, based on a hymn tune and often used to remind the congregation of the
melody before the hymn is sung.
Originally meant bizarre, flamboyant, and elaborately ornamented. Also to describe an irregularly shaped
Emotional states like joy, grief, an
THEME AND VARIATIONS
Form in which a basic musical idea (the theme) is repeated over and over and is changed each time in
melody, rhythm, harmony, dynamics, or tone color. Used either as an independent piece or as one
movement of a larger work.
Trumpet Concert in E-Flat Major, 3rd movement
1796 (JOSEPH HAYDN)
INSTRUMENTATION: Solo trumpet with orchestra
Sonata-Rondo Form A B A B' A - deve
MUSIC IN SOCIETY - MIDDLE AGES
Musicians worked for churches, courts, and towns.
Churches and cathedrals were the center of musical life and education during the Middle Ages.
Vocal music was more important than instrumental music.
Women were not permi
GALLANT STYLE - Light graceful music from the preclassical period
CHARACTERISTICS OF CLASSICAL MUSIC
Variety & contrast
Flexibility & variety
Largely Homophonic with some va
Composition for several instrumental soloists and small orchestra; common in late baroque music.
In Italian, all; the full orchestra, or a large group of
musicians contrasted with a smaller group; often heard in