Jan Vermeer used a camera obscura - captured the light of an image.
Properties of image v. real object
Image is 2-D, objects are 3-D. Image is inverted.
Physical analogy between the eye and the camera obscura - take in light rays,
What is consciousness?
Consciousness v. Self Consciousness
Knowledge of being awake = consciousness?
Which one do we want? Whats the difference?
Apes tend to react to marks when looking at mirrors by
checking themselves, whereas other monkeys reach for th
How do we incorporate original arguments?
where do arguments come from in general?
What is an argument?
A set of premises and a conclusion
A good argument shifts the burden of proof - George
Where do you find arguments?
Biopic - Derek Jarmus film Wittgenstein
Lived by himself on the coast of Norway - had visitors from time to time, but
they thought he was close to the brink of madness.
The Deep Question - What is it to Follow a Rule?
Projection of past practice to future
Behaviorism - Mentality supervenes on behavioral dispositions
But what do we mean by mentality?
And by supervenes?
If we have two entities, completely physically identical, then they are
mentally identical. When physical facts are fixed, the mental facts
Subjective v. Objective
An event cannot be reduced to a description of the event.
Zombie is a technical term.
Qualia = Qualitative properties of experience.
Subjective point of view, qualia, etc. these are all high level philosophical problems.
Dualism (Smullyan Article)
Why are we talking about it?
-Could be arguing that soul and mind are separate
-Notion of mind as part of body
-Forces us to ask the tough question.
Tough Questions - Why are they tough?
-Too personally taxing
Skepticism on the topic from last class - people dont buy the idea that theres
hidden knowledge in inaccessible parts of the brain.
Why cant we defend functionalism with the chinese is in there somewhere
Searle never speaks chinese, whereas the
Can we say: Searles argument fails because he does understand chinese,
the knowledge/understanding is in a part of the brain to which he has no access?
Elaboration on the systems approach.
Difference between neurons and consciousness - our neurons
2001: A Space Odyssey - Clip we saw: taking apart the logic & memory
section of HAL 9000 after it goes against them. takes apart the AI piece by piece.
Mission to jupiter, notion of extraterrestrial life.
while removing the memory tapes, we see a gradual
Functionalism -> Behaviorism:
Functionalism is a more elaborate and inclusive behaviorism, in that rather
than limiting itself to external input coupled with internal states, it also allows for
interaction within and between mental states coupled with the