- Rufus does Judy:
o Channeling vs. impersonating vs. covering: what is the difference, and why do
Channeling is internal, whereas impersonating is external. Channeling is a
higher art, and it has an air of authenticity.
Musical Theater Comes Out
- Did musicals die after the Golden Age?
o Did they die after the 70s?
o But all of our tunes from today are backwards looking.
Rocky Horror looks back to the 50s. La Cage Aux Folles looks back to
Mame. Hedwig And the
Queer Nation vs. Lesbian Chic
- The Nineties:
o 1992: Pennington thinks that 1992 is a huge year in queer history.
K.d. Lang officially comes out, on the cover of The Advocate. Shes irritated by having to come out publicly, because shes always been out.
The AIDS Crisis and Musical Reactions
- We are not in a post-AIDS society
o Black women are four times more likely than white women to get HIV/AIDS.
o Young people much more likely to get AIDS in conjunction with abstinence only
sex education. Big spike i
Transexuality across a century
- 1890s 1930s:
o Magnus Hirschfeld:
Saw all people as on a continuum of physical sex (sex organs, sex psychological characteristics, sexual drive, etc) and often saw gay people as existing in the middle.
Coined the term tr
- Two strains of gay hiphop:
o People who are out as queer
o People who queer people see as queer, but are not out as queer.
- Age of Consent
o Message song before The Message. Early out gay hip hop song. Very queer,
very out. Merge of disco and e
- Compulsory heterosexuality
- Compulsory monosexuality
o What is the threat of bisexuality?
History of bisexuality:
o Bisexuality as a political identity and movement started in the 90s. Being part of
4/22: Looking ForwardExpanding into the New Century
- Lawrence v. Texas: gay sex cant be illegal
- Lots of things that started in the 90s have come to fruition in the 00s and 10s
o Big changes of the 90s means that outness is something that people have no
Divas IIIBring the Noise, Bring the Boys
- Divas I and Divas II:
- Divas III:
o 90s divas are really really explicit in their relation to gay audiences.
Much more so than Babs and Bette.
o Difference between a diva and a pop star:
A diva trades on fabul
- Chris Williamson:
o Her album The Changer and the Changed became the #1 selling independent album of all time, put out by Olivia Records. Made the big record companies take
notice of lady music as a thing that could sell big.
Post-Disco (New Wave)
- Queer sound:
o Against cock rock
o Futurist sound
- Historical context of early 80s:
o End of 70s, beginning of 80s: gay backlash, rise of activist Christian fundamentalist movement.
o Assassination of Harvey Milk 197
1/30: Divas I: Classic Divas and Stigma
- Judy Garland and gay men:
o Singing Somewhere Over the Rainbow hugely important in gay male culture. Became part of secret language.
Where friend of Dorothy comes from. Musicals also lent selves to a
Drag & Camp, Butch & Femme, and Post War Cabaret Cultures
- Last short writing assignment:
o Thesis needs three elements, and can be 1-3 sentences. Needs:
Contexts with which argument takes place. Dialogue you are having.
People think this
Vaudeville to the Pansy Craze
- Vestia Tilley: male impersonator
o Most famous and well-paid male impersonators in the country
o Popular with working class men
o Women saw her as independent, with a job. Played upper class men, soldiers
would have made fu
The Golden Age of Musical Theater (1940s to 1960s)
- Starts with Oklahoma, maybe ends with Hair (?) but maybe not.
- Book musicals:
o Showboat (1927) considered first book musical or integrated musical, where
song, dance, and plot all tightly interwoven a
Kings and Queens of Rock n Roll
- 1950s pop: boring as hell. Dinah Shore, Frank Sinatra, Doris Day, etc.
- Idea of a social sickness, sexual subversion:
o Fear of gays and homosexuals preying on young boys.
o Rock n roll also becomes part of this
Disco is political.
Disco and Womens Music are of the same moment and are often pitted against each other. They have very different styles, but both are about creating safe spaces for people using music.
o Stereotype: lesbians have no humor or l
Divas IIPost Stonewall Divas
- Authenticity, ownership/commodification of divas, and agency. Always a tension between performer and audience. If you make it all about the performer, than the audience
has no agency as an interpreter. If you make it all abo
New Kinds of Rock
o Glam Rock and art rock
Lou Reed was bi and his parents thought he was too effeminate so
they put him in a mental institution and gave him electroshock
Andy Warhol: gay.
They influence Bowie.
Stonewall and New Kinds of Rock
- Periods of gay history
o Homophile civil obedience 1950s mid 60s
o Gay Liberation: Civil disobedience and militancy connected to social movement
coalitions mid 60s to 1973
o Gay pride: gay movement becomes about cultural