330 Microbial Genetics
1.25.12 Class Notes
Slide 1: Chemical bonds: the glue that hold biomolecules together.
Many, although weak, hydrogen bonds make up a rather strong interactions.
Angstrom = 1 x 10-10= 0.1nm
Slide 2: Covalent Bonds
Bonds within a nucl
330 Class Notes DNA Packaging and Cell Division 2.5.12 Slide 2: Binary Fission Each doubling is referred to as a generation. Exponential growth. Slide 3: Closer Look at the Bacterial Cell Cycle Mechanism in place to lay down septum and to separate the two
Nucleic Acids 330 Class Notes 1.25.12 Table of Periodic Elements You need carbon, phosphorus, nitrogen, oxygen, hydrogen. Need cofactors like magnesium and salts. What holds individual elements together to form nucleic acids? Slide 3: Insight Leading to t
330 Class Notes Manipulating and Analyzing Nucleic Acids 1.27.12
Slide 2: DNA Modifying Enzymes Ligase involved in joining nucleotides together. Slide 3: Nucleases-Exonucleases Recognize ends of DNA and will move consecutively down the DNA molecule, cleav
330 Class Notes DNA Replication 1.30.12 Slide 2: Mechanism of DNA Replication: The Important Stuff Polymerases require a primer.Serves as a template to get the polymerase started. Bidirectional.Occurs in both directions on the chromosome. Semi-conservativ
330 Class Notes Translation 2.10.12 Slide 2: Prokaryotic Transcription Slide 3 Prokaryotes Have Operons Genes with similar functions are usually grouped together within an operon. Usually a single promoter operates the transcription of this operon. Slide
330 Class Notes Regulation of Gene Expression 2.17.12 Regulation of Transcription Activation Process of turning genes ON or off at different times under various conditions. Reasons for bacteria to regulate genes: Energy conservation Development Products m
330 Class Notes Amino Acids and Proteins 2.22.12 Slide 2: Proteins Have Many Biological Functions Enzymes involved in DNA replication, Transcription, transport. Slide 3: Oligomeric State of Macromolecules. Assembling of amino acid Slide 4: General Structu