Criminology Class Lecture Notes An Introduction to Crime, Criminology, and the System of Justice Emphasis on The nature of crime- especially the moral and political nature of decisions to make some conduct criminal What we know about dont know abou
Morelli 1 Krista Morelli Sociology 241 Roland Chilton 22 April 2008 In Defense of Our America: Jails, Homosexual Activities, and Academic Freedom Every citizen of the United States is guaranteed the inalienable right to life, liberty, and the pursuit
Theories about crimes
Economic loss for the individual and for society
- individual earning, occupation obtainment
Suffering from systemic abuse
- Additional trauma
- treat by people harshly
long term stress
- engage in crime if victim
There is no one agreed upon definition for gangs or gang members
Federal government and state government disagree on what constitutes a gang or a gang
Researches also disagree:
current definitions vary between the following elements
Social Process Theory
How do young men in the middle class gain respect and prove themselves to be manly
Is respect or masculinity any likes important among the middle class ?
Social learning theory and differential association
Social process theory
Psychological Trait theories
Aspects of crime include associate between
The ID, Ego, and Super Ego and thinking about the psychological stages of development
Disorders and Mental health
Disruptive behavior disord
Political and property Crime
Election fraud , War crimes , Treason , Terrorism , Military crimes , Espionage
Goals of political crime
Intimidation, Revolution , Conviction , Revolution and Profit
What motivates terrorists ?
What is the point of law ?
protect people from their rights
protect people safety
- enforce social control
- discourages revenge
- express public opinion
- deters criminal behavior
Is this actually
Crime and deviance are defined by the social audiences reaction to people and
their behavior and the subsequent effects of that reaction; they are not defined by
the moral content of the illegal act itself
People are labeled as result
Ecological theory and collective theory
High crime areas are characterized by community deterioration, chronic unemployment,
fear, and residential turnover.
- communities that have high levels of collective efficacy have lower crime rates
three types of c
Does Punishment works ?
Punishment works on who are not going to commit a crime the second time ( not criminal
It doesnt work for real criminals
What is rational ?
Offenders chose to break the law when they consider personal factors and situationa
What makes something a crime?
Society deems wrong
Immoral ,Safety ,Law
Why do people commit crime ?
Dont agree with
Morelli 1 Krista Morelli- 22992875 Sociology 241: Criminology Ronald Chilton 26 February 2008 Crime: To be or not to be? John Walker Lindh, Josh Dratel, and Cecelia Fire Thunder. Presented to you, these three Americans could not be more different fro
Theory of delinquent subculture
delinquent behavior emerges as a way to protest the norms and values of middle
lower class youth fail to measure up to middle class standards and chose to join
one of three subcultures
- most comm