Quiz #4 Study Guide
Blood Libels, Expulsions, and Well Poisoning from the Perspectives of Victims,
Perpetrators, and Defenders
Jews were virtually the only nonconformist group in Christian Europe and were singled
out for marginalization and persecution
God King clergy nobility peasantry
Status of jews was closest to the urban merchants with the status of knights
Privileges could be withdrawn for no good reason at any point in time.
Kehilla- to call in honor to be assembled.
Most important role was the
Lachrymose- Approach to Jewish History: Teleology
Problem with this approach:
Small- how did they survive?
Victimization- dont hear about accomplishments, scientific inventions
Written alphabet- majority of others did not.
Degrades Jewish conception of Go
Graeco-Roman Antiquity: broad term for a long period of cultural history centered on the
Mediterranean Sea, comprising the interlocking civilizations of ancient Greece and ancient Rome,
collectively known as the Greco-Roman World.
Hellenization: is the hi
Inquisition: the grand inquisitor Torquemada
o Prisoners are tortured naked
o Black hat, robe and suit of the hasidic jews, shalls, full facial hair.
Never an instrument of conversions:
Plan to judge and rid our heresy of Christians
Get people to
3 main Jewish Responses to the destruction of the Temple in 70 CE:
Armed Rebellion- people fighting within the walls of jews
Transformation of Judaism into a portable religion
Alternative to rebellion and suicide:
Faked death as a metap
Symbolic distinctions among Jews:
Dated to the Persian period
Medallion- used to adorn the torah scroll.
o A menorah- candelabrum
A shofar- rams horn blown on new year a call to awakening
Incense shovel: Christians began to borrow this symbol
General Questions for Today:
Where geographically, did the Jewish people originate?
o Canaan 13BCE
o Appear to be people that just starting living in Canaan but might have immigrated from
How do we know?
o Literary and physical evidence
o 13 BC
Christian Protestant Reformation: (1517)
Martin Luther (1483-1546)
During the renaissance 14th-16th century
Half of western Europe has announced its allegiance to Protestantism.
Indulgences- is a remission before God of the temporal punis
Exodus from Egypt and the Passover Sedar
From 'heuriskein' (Greek: to discover)
Heuristic refers to an educational method in which learning takes
place through discoveries that result from investigations made by
Second exam study guide
Jews and slavery in antiquity:
-Major source: Bible, Talmud, and rabbinical literature (including commentary and prayers)
-But these sources speak mostly of:
-Laws, not case laws
-Anecdotes; attitudes (not concrete, detailed, verif
Study Guide 3:
Significance of the Cairo Genizah:
It is hardly an exaggeration to say that the modern day study of medieval Jewish history is
inconceivable without the Genizah.
-Genizah- attic found with discarded documents, to sacred, store them in a saf
Syllabus (updated 1/21/14)
"The Jewish People II: Jewish History from Medieval Times to the Present
Judaic 102, section 02 (class #: 52329) [4 units]
Department of Judaic and Near Eastern Studies
University of Massachusetts at Amherst
Map Quiz #3: Africa
Thursday, April 24, 2014
for Map Quiz #3, you will be given a blank
map of Africa, with modern political
Africa & Asia Political
JUDIAC STUDIES QUIZ #1 STUDY GUIDE
Five major periods in Jewish history
1.The birth of the Jewish people- Abraham (2000- 1250 BCE)
2.Escape from Egyptian slavery; receiving Torah (1250- 2050 BCE)
3.Jews form their own state in the Land of Israel (1050-587