GDP the market value of all the goods and services produced by labor
and property in the country
2011 GDP Composition by sector
Agriculture 1.2% (farms forestry fishing hunting)
97% of US farms are family
Cage free label- indicates that the flock was able to freely roam a
building, room, or enclosed area with unlimited access
Free Range-indicated that the flock was provided shelter In a building
room or area with unlimited access to food
series of biodegrab
Oxytocin causes contraction of muscle fibers (or myoepithelial cells
surrounding alveoli= milk let down
Type of milking parlors
3.Rotary cows enter and leave individually
Chimera- single animal that contains cell derived from 2 different
Normal calf= 60 different chromosomes in each cell
Freemartin= 60 chromosomes in her PLUS 60 different chromosomes in
the cells she received from her brother (so
Incidence Of Dystocia- U.S.
Cleanliness is crucial for new born cafes
Milk replacer needs to be at least 20% crude protein
Disbud or dehorn 1-8 weeks
Remove extra teats @2-6 weeks
Know where the basic organs are or are likely found to be in vertebrates
The basic external anatomical features of animals (look for horse
nomenclature) Ex: hock, gaskin, etc.
Find the axes of symmetry (dorso) ventral, (rostro) caudal, etc and
Chapter 3 Notes
"The sum of the changes an animal makes in response to environmental
"When organisms live together in a mutually beneficial relationship"
"A state of physical, emotional, or chemical strain
Chapter 2 Notes
"Chemical substances that provide nourishment to the body. Essential
nutrients are those necessary for normal maintenance, growth, and
x Meat provides protein, energy, essential amino acids
"Per unit of po
Chapter 1 Notes
"The combination of disciplines that together compromise the study of
x As animal scientists have learned more about animals, the accumulated
information has become too large for anyone to comprehend comple
Chapter 4 Notes
"Short grass vegetation zones"
"Tall grass and vegetable belts in the hot areas of the world"
"Herding grazing animals"
"Seasonal moving of animals from a permanent base to more abundant feed
Central dogma of Biology
DNA -> (transcription) -> RNA -> (Translation) -> Protein
All human body cells. Contain 46 chromosomes made up of 2 sets of 23. 2N
What kind of bonds in DNA?
Unzipped genetic code interpr
Chapter 13, section 1
"An English naturalist (1809-1882). Among other contributions, he proposed
the theory of evolution by natural selection"
Comparative method of study
"A systematic method of comparing the behavior of two or more species
Chapter 13, section 2
"The type of conditioning the Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov
demonstrated (hence the name Pavlovian conditioning), in which a reflexlike response can be stimulated by a neutral stimulus"
Unit 1 Notes
Major disciplines within biology
anatomy, histology, behavior, medicine, physiology, embryology, population
biology, biochemistry, genetics, evolutionary biology, ecology,
The scientific study of the shape a
Final Exam Study Guide part 1
high in fiber, low in protein, hay
low in fiber, high in protein, corn
fermented plant material, high in energy
simple 6 carb
Most people do not get their horse registered so it is hard for the govt. to keep track of
how many horses are in the US
Foul is a young horse
Filly female <3-4 yr.
Colt male <3-4 yr.
Mare- female >4 y
Horses are seasonally polyestrous Long
Animal Science Review
the structure forms after ovulation and produces a hormone needed to maintain pregnancy
the cervix is located between the uterus and vagina
which of the following occurs in proestrus increasing FSH formation
Animal Science Review
list two examples of monogastic herbivores
rabbits & horses
list two examples of monogastric omnivores
list 3 examples of ruminants
goats sheep cows
list two slaughter by- products and their uses
list four different things you can do