do the birth of Christ.
Mohammedans and Franks 511
Filled with missionaryzeal and warlike fury,the Mhao-mmedans
pressedwestward along the northern coast
of Africa and added it to their empire. Thence they
crossed over into Spain, and in a.D. 711 overthrew
Thu-cyd'i-des,son of Mel-e'si-as,
Thu'ri-i,173. See map following
Thut'mose, III, 31 f.
Ti'ber, 279. See map following
Ti-be'ri-us,443, 445 "f.
Ti'bur, 478. See map on p. 301.
Ti-ci'nus,351. See map following
Alexander, 233 f.,238, 242 f.;
army at Rome beneath Servius,
296 f.; development and graenoir-zation,
309 f.,329 f.;reforms
of Marius, 399; navy under Agu-stus,
431; navy supreme in
Roman Empire, 486 f.; ipmr-ovements
by means of Diocletian,493.
Now it was thought to be the one means of otab-ining
a higher kind of goodness; it was a method of
reaching perfectionof character. Soon such persons,
who had fled from the world, found that they could better
gain these ends by livingtogetherin secluded c
for centuries. Multitudes of Germans had alreadybeen
settled in the provinces. The armies were almost entirely
made up of them. They were found in numbers in the
ofhces of the imperialadministration and in close touch
with the court of the emperor. Not on
best works. Presents in high-first-class element with the Achaean and
Gardner, E. A. Historic Athens. Macmillan. The work of an epex-rt
in Greek art and archaeology.
" A Hand-hook of Greek Sculpture. Macmillan.
Furnish. Greece within the
by a herdsman in the country fashion; thus was he brought to the
palaceor to the annual assemblies of the peoplefor the affairs of the
realm; thus he went home again. But the government of the dkiomn,gand
all business,foreignor domestic,were in the hands
of,41; have an impact on on Italy, 290;
in Graeco-Persian wars, 235 f.
Phrat'ry,seventy nine f.
Phryg'i-a,89. See map following
Phy'le, 202. See map coping with p.
Bodily geography, influence on
history,15, 280, 283 f.,49
infusingancient Graeco-Roman forms with the
Christian spiritbrought to the support of the state the
fanaticism hitherto existent only for the church.
577. The New Persian Peril. " The occasion for this
alliance was the advance to the Mediterranean and eve
naturally accompany her husband on his campaigns. Notice
the dressing of the hair. 6. The bust of Commodus represents
him as Hercules. The characteristic club is in his hand and the
lion's skin on his head. The curlingbeard and hair,and, indeed,
33 f.;Assyrian,fifty one; Greek, 164,
215 f.; at Rome, 339 f.; ptorar-it
Scy'ros,206. See map following
p. Sixty six.
Scyth'i-ans,invade the east, 55;
Darius I assaults,62, 126 f.
Se-leu'cus,249 f.;kingdom, 261 f.,
367, 410 f.
221 f.,234; Roman, 296,
Celts, 3; in Greece and Asia
Minor, 254 f.;in Italy,302; at
Rome, 318 f.
Cen'sor,305, 338 f.; under FalnaviCaesars,453.
Census, under the Empire, 432.
Ce-phis'sus,115. See map flolw-ing
colonies in,88; in Persian wars,
134 f.; democracy in, 149 f.;
Sul'la,L. Cornelius, 398, 400 ff.;
his administration, 404 f.; its
Su'sa, fifty seven, 238. See map facing
of the Parthian Kingdom, Its historical previous and participants of the family to Rome.
Encyclopedia Britannica, Article. "Persia" (the part dealing witli
Parthia). 7. A Letter from Pliny to Tacitus Describing His
own life and pursuits, goals, Pleasures,
e'^Ealsortderannd natural protector,the Emperor Leo, the Isaurian
(a.D.717-740),in the east. But the latter had dinucterdoa
violent controversy into his realm by cinogmmandthe
removal from Christian churches of all images as
tending to encourage idolatry.
Tem'e-nus, ninety six.
Temple, in ancient East, 24; in
Egypt, 33; of Solomon, 45; at
Athens, 163 f.; at Rome, 436,
Ten Commandments, forty 4.
Ter-tul'li-an4,eighty one, 490.
The length of the whole structure was over 790 feet,its width
over 100 feet.
PLATE VII. Ancient Systems of Writing.- " The Rosetta
stone contains in Greek, demotic, and hieroglyphicscripta cder-ee
of the Egyptian priestspassed in 197 B.C. It was found by
" and that a new era, one of peace and order,had
opened, Augustus chose the celebration of the Ludi
ScEculares,a festival which was observed every hundred
years. This, the fifth time of its observance,in the year
17 B.C., was one of singularsplendor. For
Heitland. The Roman Republic. 3 vols. Cambridge Univ. Press. A
recent English work, highlyvaluable for the period of the revolution.
Hill. Handbook of Greek and Roman Coins. Macmillan.
HoDGKiN. Italy and Her Invaders. 7 vols. Clarendon Press.
expression of anguish and terror to witness the death of his
The grouping of the combatants, the czahatiraocnteriof
the individual figures,the skill with which the esixopnressupon
the faces are rendered, and the delicacyof coloring
give this p
acquaint himself. The king'srelations to Italyand the
pope alone requireattention. A noteworthy feature in
this connection is the conquest and Christianizingof the
Saxons. The troubles of the papacy with the Lombards
continued in his time, until,on the ap
sepia markings. "The scene is laid on a mountain crag of
Dicta or of Ida and the animal here is the Cretan wild goat, or
Agrimi. The suckhng kid is shown in almost identicallythe
same posture as a calf in a paralleldesign. In front,another kid
looks up at
571. Weaklings on the Throne. " The emperors dinugrthis
period were weak men and ineffective rulers,
often set up and always upheld by their armies, which
were made up almost entirelyof Germans and led by men
of the same race. Stilicho was
of his spiritby his fawning praiseof the princepswho
had justlycondemned him.
496. Administrative Difficulties. " Augustus's scheme
of government did not work altogetheras was expected.
The balance of power between the senate and himself Growth of
508 End of the Ancient Period
Of God himself;and the spiritr,isingup to heaven,suntadendr-s
that here God is quite near and that he rejoices
in the dwelling-placewhich he himself has chosen." In
487. Choice of archons at Athens through lot.
480. 1/3 Persian assault under Xerxes (Thermopylae, Artemisium;
Athenians withdraw from Athens; Salamis).
480. Himera (Gelon and the Carthaginians).
479. Crusade of Mardonius (Platsea);Mycale.
The Supremacy of