Chapter 3 study guide
1. What three factors influence the texture of igneous rocks? Describe how each
influences the texture and tell which factor is most important?
A: Water content, silicate content, and the most important part speed of co
1. Tell me how detrital sedimentary rocks form.
A: They are formed by sediment that is transported as solid particles. Detrital
rocks are made up of clay materials, quartz, feldspars, and micas. They are
distinguished by their di
Study Guide Chapter 2: Minerals
1. Tell me all about atoms. For example what kinds of particles make up an atom?
Where are they located in the atom? Which are electrically charged? Which
particle type determines what kind of atom it is? E
1. Why do volcanoes with mafic magmas tend to erupt gentle lava flows but don't
tend to be explosive? How or why does water escape without causing violent
explosions? What types of basalt develop when bubbles are formed by
1. What does meandering refer to in a stream? What is an oxbow lake? How does one
form? Is this a feature of a young, mature or old system?
A: Following a windy course
2. Explain/describe how streams evolve over time from having
Much research on glaciers was originally done in Europe, especially in Switzerland, and many of the words used to describe
glacial features are derived from French, or less commonly German or Italian. Consequently, some vocabulary used f
Tell me all about longshore currents.
A: Oblique waves also produce longshore currents, Currents in the surf zone, Flow parallel to
the coast, Easily moves fine suspended sand and rolls larger sand and gravel along the
1) The three major agents that can lead to metamorphosis are heat, pressure,
and directional stress. Heat is the most important agent; it is the most
important because it gives the rock