Week 6 Quiz
1). Which statement best reflects the expected influence of global warming on agricultural output?
A. As sea levels rise, vast amounts of agricultural land will be lost, but crop yields
on remaining land are expected to increase to such an ext
Week 4 Quiz
1. Which of the following statements best describes worldwide population growth
since 1989 or 1990?
1. The world population continues to grow, but each years growth is smaller
than the previous year.
2. The world population continues to grow,
AREC 365 Spring 2016
Sign the honor pledge in the space on the answer booklet.
Write your name (legibly) on the exam booklet.
Read this very carefully: Answer either question 1 or 2 (not both), then answer three questions from
Week 3 Quiz do you think we need to know this quiz? yes
1. Lets start with a situation in a country where average income is $1000 per year
per person, and where the prevailing price of food is $10 per unit and the
average quantity consumed is 50 units. Wh
Numbers: undernutrition in time
FOOD AND AGRICULTURE Organization
Major points part 1: Calorie malnutrition
Long term decline in numbers and percentage
that is undernourished.
More progress in Asi
Arec quiz 11
1)Yield is described as:
Output per acre
2) Total arable land grew at A SLOWER rate as/than pasture land during the late
80s and the 1990s
3) According to Alan Wild, the biggest biological and physical limitation to
agricultural development i
The Globalization Debate
Integration with the world economy through encouraging direct foreign investment.
Integration with the world economy through trade.
Abiding by world trade rules of the WTO.
Integration with the world economy thro
In one 50 minute lecture.
from one more
Oh, wow! This tastes so good.
Ok, but not really wow!
Bleh, Im getting full.
Number of berries
pain to pick
Thomas Malthus 1798
Population grows geometrically; food supply arithmetically; hunger
and famine are inevitable.
For almost 200 years after the prediction, population grew at an
increasing rate; but in the last 30 years, while po
Why it matters for aggregate food
Even if average income a country stays the same, aggregate demand
for food will increase if the poor get richer and the rich poorer.
That is because income elasticity of demand for fo
Defining the problem
4 types of undernutrition:
Secondary Undernutrition, enough food consumed, but not absorbed
Micronutrient Malnutrition: the big 4.
Protein Calorie Undernutrition.
Approaches to solving overnutrition, se
Ideology and Famine:
Temporary severe condition of food shortage.
Not undernutrition the permanent condition of inadequate food.
Policy responses to famines: political not economic.
Famines usually result from a combination of
Natural disaster and
AREC 365 Spring 2017
Lecture 1 Introduction
Points covered in this lecture
Why are you taking this course?
Understanding course requirements and procedures.
Especially how the course accommodates missed exams and assignments.
Read the syllabus.
Why does nutrition
Chapter 5 of the textbook
The content lessons (part I):
physical impacts of undernutrition.
Physical size see last lecture (chapter 4).
Health mortality or probability dying.
Health morbidity medical reasons explaining why un
Some ways of determining
whether an individual is
Measure dietary intake: problems associated with surveys of food
Clinical assessment: blood tests.
Anthropometry: measurement of body size.
Low height fo
Policies that Shift the Supply Curve by
Increasing Investment or Subsidizing Inputs
Prof. Howard Leathers
University of Maryland
Policies to shift the supply of food outward.
Outward shift in supply increases quantity of food and reduces price of
Whats the appropriate role of government in influencing fertility?
If there are social costs to children, then the private choice will be too many
children, and policies to reduce fertility are warranted.
Policies to Encourage
Development and Adoption
of New Technology
Prof. Howard Leathers
AREC 365 Lecture
University of Maryland
The only reliable way to produce more food is to use
better technology . (The Economist reading: Doing
More with Less.)
1. The adoption of animal traction on a farm should be expected to have which of the
following impacts? (Mark all that apply, there may be more than one correct answer.)
1. Agricultural production will decline.
2. Area under cultivation will increa
Week 5 Quiz
1. The Cerrado in Brazil was once regarded as unfit for farming because:
The growing season was too short.
It had insufficient supplies of water for irrigation.
The soils were too acidic and nutrient poor.
It was too isolated fr
Week 2 Quiz
1. Which of the following are ways that undernutrition can lead to reduced economic
1. People are less productive in physical labor when they are weakened by
2. People who are undernourished as children have less
Lecture 31: Outlook for the Future Final
Demand Side Factors:
o income (and its distribution)
o dietary diversity
o non-food uses
Supply Side Factors:
o land use
o yield improvement due to:
fertilizer (other input use)
1. In _ irrigation water is free.
b. Arguments favoring fertilizer DO NOT include
1. Eliminating Urban Bias
b. African agriculture is characterized by _.
1. Mixed Cropping
b. Economists have found evidence that farmers
Chapter 20 Quiz
1. The difference between average food supply and average food requirement
1. average food surplus
b. The kind of programs that would be a part of a redistribution solution to the
world food problem include which of the following
1. In the 1980's, the use of "Glory Certificates" to promote the on-child family
was prevalent in
b. India's total fertility rate in 1986 was
b. In a thirty-one country study, it was shown that the increased use of
1. The economic rule for policymaking is
1. maximize total benefits minus total costs
b. One set of circumstances that could be a common reason why competitive
markets may not lead to a social optimum is when there are
b. A dir
The World Food Problem: Its All about
Distribution (Isnt It?)
Howard D. Leathers
University of Maryland
Enough food is available to provide at least 4.3 pounds of food per
person per day worldwide. The problem, therefore, is not of
Redistribution from Rich Countries to Poor Countries.
Households share of the
Federal Debt: $156,000
Amount that share
last year: $4,800
US Foreign Aid
last year: $262
Tables 17.2 and 17.3
US is the largest donor of government-to-g
Policies to increase the incomes
of the poor through
PROGRAMS DESIGNED TO OBTAIN MORE
EQUALITY OF INCOME DISTRIBUTION
PROGRESSIVE TAXATION, INCOME SUBSIDIES.
PROGRESSIVE = TAX RICH AT A HIGHER RATE
LAND REFORM: TAKE LAND FROM A FEW LARGE
Eliminating Urban bias
Helping farmers by eliminating programs that hurt them.
Illustrating the impact of a government policy that reduces farm
price below the market equilibrium level that would exist in the
absence of the
A lower farm