Why terrorism has changed in recent years
ideology has shifted to become more religious ?
Why was 9/11 an unusual event
magnitude of the number of people affected?
How is the term race riot different today than in the past
used to be against
The Humanitarian Revolution
Age of Reason; Age of Enlightenment
o Why is it important? When?
It undermined the power of the Monarchy and the Roman Catholic Church
It was marked by an emphasis on the scientific method and reductionism-an attitude called
o It describes: psychology of human cooperation
The Prisoners Dilemma
Revenge as a deterrent
The moralization gap
The concept of just desserts
Social capital of a country and the Rule of Law
The Rights Revolution
Rights revolution refers to the growth of rights movement in the US, Britain, Canada,
India, and other countries within their specific constitutional and cultural contexts
o In the US: Monroe v. Pape (1961)
As late as the 1930s, mo
The Pacification and Civilizing Processes
Philosophical debate between Hobbes and Rousseau
Are people naturally good or bad?
o It touches on useful concepts from our book
o What is the debate between Hobbes and Rousseau?
o Why is this useful for me? Bec
Rational Choice Theory and Differences
o Nagin and Paternoster 1993 used self-reported chances of offending to measure
o Criminal propensity is a concept used to describe ones disposition toward crime,
a time stable feature of a p
The Civilizing Process in these United States
o The Asshole Study was conducted in Michigan
o US Homicide rates in the 1950s were lower than the rates in the 1980s
o When it comes to violence, the United states it not a county its three
Inner Demons: Predation, Dominance, and Revenge
Types of violence (a 5-part taxonomy of violence)
Recall what Pinker said about human nature:
o Most evil acts are committed by ordinary people for rel
Violence Today: General and Violence Against Women
Typology of violence against women
o Collective violence: use of violence by members of a group against another group,
in order to achieve political, economic, or social objectives.
o Interpersonal viole
WEEK 2: CHAPTER 1 AND LECTURE NOTES
Definitions of violence
(verb) force; resistance; defense
It is power over others; it manifests multiple modalities
Any form of behavior by an individual that intentionally threatens or does cause physical,
Inner Demons: Sadism, Ideology, and Pure Evil
So far we have discussed classical views like:
o Deviance is equated with sin-a transgression of the will of god
o Revenge is a disease or toxin; forgiveness is a cure
o Criminology focuses on crime statistic
Terrorism and Immigration
Since the famous terrorist attack on the twin towers in New York City on September 11,
2001, there has been a growing issue of radical jihadist terrorist attacks worldwide. Many
individuals, in both the United States and many Eur
Current Homicide Trends
-Where Rates climbed significantly in 2015
-Not as big as an increase compared to the 1990s
-Number of homicides per mo
Did you play dodgeball in school gym?
For pinker, the prohibition of dodgeball is an example of?
B. Political correctness
Which of the following is one reason for the disappearance of deadly ethnic riots in the w
Channel: 52, seession ID:KZAFFT
Who would you rather have dinner with?
According to Pinker, what causes human violence?
According to hobbes, which of the following is not one of the thr
What kind of information did Norbert elias use for his theory of the civilizing process?
Content analyses of artwork and etiquette manuals
Which of the following is an exogenous change that was a part of the civilizin
In which decade of the 20th century would you like to live as an adult? Opinion question
Which type of crime is the most reliable index of violence?
While violence generally declined in England from the m
Quiz Reading Questions
History And Psychology
Five Inner Demons
Four Better Angels
This is a study of a social science (violence)
6 Trends in Human Development
Very Distant Past Hunting/gathering, horticult
Chapter 1 A Foreign Country
The Past is a foreign country: they do things differently there. L.P. Hartley
*Last classs quiz questions*
Today were living in the most peaceable era in our species existence: TRUE
Do you think the U.S. is more or less dangerous to live in than it was 15 years ago?
The Historic Decline in Violence
20th Century (1901-2000 A.D.)
-The decline of martial culture
-Intolerance of displa
What region of the US are you from?
US homicide rate lower or higher than England?
Pinker discussed south violence. Which of the following
Civilizing these United States *Explicitly about Homicide for lecture*
The Humanitarian Revolution
Cesare Beccaria On crimes and punishments (1764)
Beccarias Principles of Law
-Law is necessary and absolute
1. Maintains Social Contract
2. Legislators create laws
3. Judges impose law
o Similar to terrorism, since both have an underlying ideology
o A type of political crime; attempts to preserve or assert dominance of one group over
o Result in increased penalties if discovered a crime is actually driven by