Nationalism was a background cause of WWI.
Ethnic minorities within existing nations and empires wanted their own nation-states.
Slavic nationalism Pan-Slavic
All Slavs should unite and have their own nation-state
The Black Hand was a P
J.M.W. Turner 1775-1851
Friedrich influenced Englishmen Turner
Conservatism = the political doctrine that justified the restoration of the Old Order that had
been destroyed by the French Revolution and Napoleon.
Wanted to restore an organ
B) Why Britain?
1) Already had a major cotton and textile industry
2) A stable government that accepted free market principles
3) Colonies that provided raw goods and a market for manufactured goods
4) Lots of coal and iron in Britain
5) Lots of liqu
The Industrial Revolution and New Ideologies
Industrial Revolution- the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about
1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840. This transition included going from hand
production methods to ma
Rebellion and Reform around the World
The conservatives forces make a come-back; revolutions fail. No Socialist win.
Italy has revolutions in 1848 (they fail)
Risorgimento- at this point Italy is a bunch of states
Britain goes to war with China (1839-42)
Rudyard Kipling 1865-1936
Author of White Mans Burden 1899
Take up the White Mans Burden- send forth the best ye breed- Go, bind your sons to
exile, To serve your captives need; To wait in heavy harness, On furthered folk and
wild- Your new- caught sull
Fall of Empires: Decline of Liberalism
Signs of democracy (shared respect/power)
o We dont want increase ^ this government
New political orders after WWI
o Italy and Germany
The Communist Solution
Communism: universalism and
Ottoman EmpireMandates (France/Britain)
British promised the homelands to the Jews in the middle east (Balfor Declaration)
o Zionists (Jewish nation believes they should have their own place; Palestine)
o Sykes-Picot agreement (divide middle east with Fr
Zimmerman Telegram outraged USA.
Germany tried to ally with Mexico.
They wanted Mexico to attack the USA.
Americans called for war against Germany.
April 2, 1917 President Woodrow Wilson declared war of Germany
Collapse of Empires
English encouraged nat
India and the New Imperialism (pg. 744-71)
Scramble for Africa
Goal: To explain the phenomenon of and British in Indian and the new imperialism and
give examples relating to Africa.