Describe each of the following terms from an environmental perspective: Climate, Fossil
Fuel Energy, Global Warming. Research the links between these topics and describe the
detail, at least one thing that links each of the three to the other. Write two a
Topic 20: Conventional Energy
Interpreting Graphs and Data
Recently, national security issues have received increased attention in energy policy
discussions. Although nuclear reactors are potential targets for terrorism, they do help
Topic 11: The Importance of Protecting
Interpreting Graphs and Data
Habitat alteration is the primary cause of present-day biodiversity loss, and of all human
activities, the one that has altered the most habitat is agriculture. Between 1850
Topic 5: Evolution and Biodiversity
Interpreting Graphs and Data
Amphibians are sensitive biological indicators of climate change because their reproduction
and survival are so closely tied to water. One way in which drier conditions may affect
Chapter 10 Air Pollution
Convectional (Criteria) Pollutants are the seven substances (sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide,
particulates, hydrocarbons, nitrogen oxides, photochemical oxidants, and lead identified by the
Clean Air Act as the most seri
Chapter 1 Understand Our Environment
Environment are the circumstances or conditions that surround an organism or a group of organisms
as well as the complex of social or cultural conditions that affect an individual or a community.
Chapter 3 Evolution, Species Interaction, and Biological Communities
Adaptation is the physical changes that allow organisms to survive in a given environment.
Natural Selection is the mechanism for evolutionary change in which environmental pre
Chapter 9 Climate
Weather is the physical conditions of the atmosphere (moisture, temperature, pressure, and wind).
Climate is a description of the long-term pattern of weather in a particular area.
Aerosols are minute particles or liquid drople
Chapter 6 Environmental Conservation: Forests, Grasslands, Parks, and Nature
Savannas is an open prairie or grassland with scattered groves of trees.
Closed-Canopy is a forest where tree crowns spread over 20 percent of the ground; has
Chapter 13 Energy
Fossil Fuels are petroleum, natural gas, and coal created by geologic forces from organic wastes and
dead bodies formerly living biological organisms.
Work is the application of force through a distance; requires energy input.
Chapter 8 Summary
Environmental Health and Toxicology
We have made marvelous progress in reducing some of the worst diseases that have long plagued
humans. Smallpox is the first major disease to be completely eliminated. Guinea worms and polio are
Chapter 12 Environmental Geology and Earth Resources
Core is the dense, intensely hot mass of molten metal, mostly iron and nickel, thousands of
kilometers in diameter at the earths center.
Mantle is a hot, pliable layer of rock that surrounds t
Chapter 11 Summary
Water: Resources and Pollution
Water is a precious resource. As human populations grow and climate change affects rainfall patterns,
water is likely to become even more scarce in the future. Already, about 2 billion people live in water
Chapter 7 Summary
Food and Agriculture
Food production has grown faster than the human population in recent decades, and the percentage of
people facing chronic hunger has declined, although the number has increased. Most of us consume
more calories and p
Chapter 10 Summary
Air pollution is often the most obvious and widespread type of pollution. Everywhere on earth, from the
most remote island in the Pacific, to the highest peak on the Himalayas, to the frigid ice cap over the
North Pole, th
Chapter 5 Summary
Biomes and Biodiversity
Biodiversity can be understood in terms on the environmental conditions where different organisms live,
in terms of biomes, and in terms of habitat types. Knowing the influence of climate conditions is an
Chapter 4 Summary
A few decades ago, we were warned that a human population explosion was about to engulf the world.
Exponential population growth was seen as a cause of nearly every important environmental problem.
Some people still war
Chapter 3 Summary
Evolution, Species Interactions, and Biological Communities
Evolution is one of the key organizing principles of biology. It explains how species diversity originates,
and how organisms are able to live in highly specialized ecological n
Chapter 14 Summary
Solid and Hazardous Waste
Modern society produces a prodigious amount of waste. Each of us today produces far more waste, and
more toxic substances, than our grandparents did. Growing amounts of packaging, including plastics, are
Chapter 15 Summary
Economics and Urbanization
More than half of us now live in cities, and in a generation three-quarters of us probably will be urban
dwellers. Most of this growth will occur in the large cities of developing countries, where resources ar
Chapter 11 Water: Resources and Pollution
Hydrologic Cycle is the natural process by which water is purified and made fresh through
evaporation and precipitation. This cycle provides all the freshwater available for biological life.
Chapter 7 Food and Agriculture
Food Security is the ability of individuals to obtain sufficient food on a day-to-day basis.
Famines are acute food shortages characterized by large-scale loss of life, social disruption, and
Alternatives to Fossil Fuels
Pros vs. Cons
Can be used wherever diesel fuel is utilized: vehicles, electricity generators, marine vessels, and
oil-fired heating systems.
The soybean-oil portion is biodegradable, nontoxic, odorless, and essentially fr
Chapter 14 Solid and Hazardous Waste
Municipal Solid Waste is the mixed refuse produced by households and businesses.
Waste Stream is the steady flow of varied wastes, from domestic garbage and yard wastes to
industrial, commercial, and construc
Chapter 15 Economics and Urbanization
Urban Agglomerations are urban areas where several cities and or towns have coalesced.
Megalopolis is also known as a megacity or supercity; megalopolis indicates an urban area with
more than 10 million inha
Chapter 5 Biomes and Biodiversity
Biomes are broad, regional types of ecosystems characterized by distinctive climate and soil
conditions and distinctive kinds of biological community adapted to those conditions.
Biodiversity is the genetic, spe
Chapter 6 Summary
Environmental Conservation: Forests, Grasslands, Parks, and Nature Preserves
Forests and grasslands cover nearly 60 percent of global land area. The vast majority of humans live in
these biomes, and we obtain many valuable materials from
Chapter 12 Summary
Environmental Geology and Earth Resources
Geologic hazards, including earthquake, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis, floods, and landslides, represent
major threats. Devastating events have altered human history many times in the past, send
Chapter 2 Summary
Environmental Systems: Matter, Energy, and Life
The movement of matte rand energy through systems, as in the Everglades, maintains the worlds living
environments. Matter consists of atoms, which make up molecules or compounds. Among the
Chapter 8 Environmental Health and Toxicology
Health is a state of physical and emotional well-being; the absence of disease or ailment.
Disease is a deleterious change in the bodys condition in response to destabilizing factors, such as
Explain how the hydrologic cycle applies to the Great Lakes System, including at least five
forms/states (ex. liquid) of water. Use scientific terms to describe the form/state and how it
passes from one form to the next. How is this a system? What happens
THEY JUST DONT MIX
WATER AND POLLUTION
COURSE: SCI 451
FA L L 2 0 1 6
HOW ARE WATER
Water use and drought impact
How water is regulated
POINT AND NON POINT SOURCES
Top three water pollution contribut
Soil erosion is when the topsoil is removed faster than it can be replaced. This can be due
to animals, nature or human activity such as overgrazing, over cultivation, forest clearing and
farming. There are a lot of serious negative impacts soil erosion h
Course: SCI 451
November 23, 2016
Dr. Hildegarde Selig
Where does your food come
Local farm markets
Today vs. ten years ago
Should you shop locally?
Shopping locally & the economy
Human vs. Natural
SCI 451 - Term Fall 2016
Date: December 06, 2016
What is it