The Russian Revolution
1. Who was Peter Stolypin and what was his significance?
a. Prime minister under Sar Nicholas the II. (king or emperor) aims were to
create reforms that would industrialize agriculture and would lead to an
1. What were the general causes of revolutions in Europe in 1848?
Enlightenment thinking spread, spread of liberalism (belief in natural rights and
political freedoms, constitutionalism) vs. Conservatism, economic crisis and the onset of
1. What dynasty ruled India before colonization?
a. The Mughal Dynasty
2. Who was Akbar the Great and what was his historical significance?
a. He was a successful Mughal Emperor
3. What factors led to the decline of Mughal rule in India?
The Second World War on the Eastern Front
a) On June 22, 1941 the Germans launched another massive attack on
the Soviet Union.
a.i) This was only one year after defeating the French Army.
This attack was code-name
1) The Invasion
a) On June 1 1941, Germany attacked the Soviet Union.
b) The Soviet Union formed the General Supreme Headquarters, which
relocated over 2500 industrial factories, which was vital for
c) Germanys goal was to destroy
1. What was the Rigsorgimento movement and what were its major goals?
Italian nationalist group searching for unification of Italy
2. Who were the carbonari?
An Italian Nationalist group
3. Who was Giuseppe Mazzini?
Tried to drive Austria out of Italy, re
What major political issues did the U.S. face during the first decades of the 19th
Needed stronger central government(weak central government under the articles of
conf. did not work efficiently ) , arguments over the strength of the federal gove
1. How did Napoleon come to power in France in 1799?
He was a successful military leader, he was very popular, A Coup Detat
(overthrowing the leader) executed in 1799 that overthrew the Directory, established
Napoleon as the leader of the new government (
New Imperialism, 1870-1914: Forms, Motives and Tools
1. What were the three principle forms of imperialism?
a. Colonization, Protectorate, and Zone of Influence
2. In what major ways did European overseas expansion before the Industrial
2. What were the major preconditions of the Industrial Revolution?
Growth in the populations
more advanced farming techniques,
fertilizers, increase in productivity,
larger farms-meant fewer farmers, fewer farmers meant more
Origins of World War I, 1871-1914
1. What were the general causes of WWI?
a. Imperial rivalry, commercial and industrial rivalry and emergent's of
2. Between what two countries military rivalry and arms race was most intensive in
Revolutionary Europe, Liberalism and Nationalism
1. What were the major factors that constituted the origins the French Revolution?
Enlightenment, natural rights of man, Charles Alexander de Calonne introduced a
tax on nobility, a desire by peasants to ab
1) Soviet Union on the Offensive
a) At this point, Hitlers main goal was to hold on to all territory.
b) Germany was crushed by the successful Operation Bagration
b.i) Began on June 23
Red army gave up on massed infantry attacks