Formed as fabric is produced
More expensive than applied designs
Designs interlacing pattern is different from the background.
Special loom required.
Small Figured design, all-over patt
Production: Synthesize polymer from raw materials by addition or condensation
Heat sensitive: Softens or melts with sufficient heat.
Pilling: Formation of tiny balls of f
Based on Fiber Length
Spun yarns: Made from short-staple fibers.
Regular or smooth filament yarns: Made from long, smooth filament fibers.
Textured-bulk-filament yarns: Made from crimped filament fibers.
Finishing: An Overview
To understand the general steps and sequence involved in fabric finishing.
To understand how finishing affects fabric cost, quality, performance, and
To relate finishing to fabric quality, end-use suitabi
Manufactured Regenerated Fibers: Rayon, Lyocell, Acetate
Todays Key Words
High wet modulus rayon
Manufactured regenerated fiber
Common Manufactured Fiber Pro
To understand how finishes alter aesthetic aspects of fabrics.
To recognize the value added to fabrics and products by aesthetic finishes.
To know the ways that aesthetic finishes can be applied to fabrics.
To predict t
Side by side
Bicomponent and Matrix fibers
o heat bonding
Bicomponent vs. bigeneric
Determined by technology and fashion
Less than one denier (900
Other Fabrication Methods
Fabric from Solution
Solution extruded through slit or cast on hot drum.
Fabrics: hot and clammy unless porous
Uniform in appearance and quality
May be embossed to resemble leather
Water and air
Rest of Finishes
Change appearance or hand; may change fabric name
Many possibilities from same gray goods
Permanence related to fiber content & technique
Process additive or subtractive
A continuous strand of textile fibers, filaments, or material in a form suitable
for knitting, weaving, or otherwise intertwining to form a textile material.
Smooth-filament yarns: Regular or convention