1) Cultural relativism and ethnocentrism?
Cultural relativism an approach in anthropology that stresses the importance of
analyzing cultures in each cultures own terms rather than in terms of the culture of
the anthropologist. This does not mean, however,
Know the ethnographic method (be familiar with the fieldwork techniques in the
text and the lecture) used by a cultural anthropologist in the field.
What is ethnography?
-Ethnography is an extremely broad area with a great variety of practition
How is anthropology defined?
-Anthropology is the study of humanity, from its evolutionary origins millions
of years ago to its current worldwide diversity.
- A focus on the concept of culture
- A holistic perspective
- A comparative perspective
Class 23 on Tuesday, Apr 12
Chapter 5: Discrete Joint Probability Distributions, Covariance,
Independence, and conditional probability
Homework problem from Fall 2015: Consider two production lines that manufacture the same type of car. The
Exam 2 Review Sheet
ANTH 1000, Spring 2016
Lecture #7 (The Primates):
Kottak Ch. 5
Primate Family Tree
Prosimians vs. Anthropoids
New World vs. Old World Monkeys
Class 17 on Thursday, Mar 10
Chapter 3: The Poisson Probability Distribution
In the Poisson.xlsx on Canvas, change the parameter of the Poisson distribution to see how the probability
In Exercises 80 and 82, use either th
Class 22 on Thursday, Apr 7
Chapter 4 contd: Exponential, Gamma, Chi-Squared, Weibull, and
Lognormal Distribution Families
The Exponential Distribution Family
Homework problem from Fall 2015: The inter-arrival time of online orders (time between successiv
5. (20 pts.) Historical data show that 70% of people that take the road test at Lee Countys Drivers
License Office in Opelika pass the test. Assuming that the result of successive road tests are
Class 15 on Thursday, Mar 3:
Chapter 3: Expected value and variance of discrete random variables
Exam Problem from Fall 2015: (30 pts.) Let random variable X be the number of Heads in three sequential tosses
of a fair coin.
a. Show how your random variabl
21 March 2016
What is meant by the term fraternal polyandry?
A marriage where two or more brothers are married to the same wife, with the wife
having equal sexual access to all of them.
Is this the only form of mar
Alfred L. Kroeber: Culture-neutral (etic) approach to analyze a kinship system.
Generation distinguishes between generations.
Gender of the other distinguishes between male and female relatives
Gender of the speaker (if men and women u
11 April 2016
What are some of the differences in the way men and women talk to each other that have been
noted in earlier research?
Women are more likely than men to make utterances, while men are more likely to
Putting it All Together
Explaining Cultural Phenomena within the Context of Cultural Systems
Why do we eat what we eat?
Food Preference: is the degree of like or dislike for a food, conditioned by many factors:
Characteristics of the food.
Form Study the study of the patterns or rules of word formation in a language.
Morphemes prefixes and suffixes, verb tenses, pluralization, and compound words.
dog / dogs
walk / walked
sad / sadly
run / running
cat-s / thank-ed / hat-s / work-e
Gender, Culture, and Identity
Gender, like other subcultural markers, affect how one perceives themselves and how
they are perceived by others: this is referred to as ones self-identity and ones social
Sex vs. Gender
Sex refers to the biological
18 April 2016
1. Why do some anthropologists study monkeys and apes to better understand human
a. They wanted a better understanding of the dominance hypothesis; wanting to see
if females were just object
The Gendered Division of Labor:
The patterned ways productive and other economic task are allocated to men and
The rights and duties individuals have because of their perceived gender
Highly similar division of labor based on gender (or s
28 March 2016
What role does sexuality play in berdache identities?
Berdache more often formed sexual and emotional relationships with non-berdache
members of their own sex.
Is it accurate to define the berdache as
Study of language and the speakers use of language.
Study of the relationship between language and other aspects of culture and society.
Symbol vs. Signal
Symbol: Shared understandings about the meaning of certain word
World Systems Theory
- Understanding the world system helps ward against many romantic notions we
The Noble Savage
- Tied to nature
- Living in harmony with ones surroundings
Anthropology Lecture #6
Cosmologies and Evolution
Genes, Alleles, and Genectics
Mechanisms of Evolution
Cosmologies and Evolution
Our knowledge of genetics and natural selection has developed out of conflicting cosmolo
ANTH 1000: Introduction to Anthropology
Lecture #18: Globalization and Final Thoughts
December 2, 2015
1. World System and Globalization
2. Globalization as Fact; Globalization as Ideology
3. Neoliberalism, Cultural Imperialism, and Indigenization
Gender - Lecture #14
Gender/Sex most people assume its the same thing, man is XY and female is XX; sex is
biological distinctions between males and female - gender is cultural constructions of males
and female characteristics:
Lecture #7 The Primates
September 23, 2015
1.) Why We Study Non-Human Primates
2.) Taxonomies and Classifications
3.) Primate Evolutionary Tendencies
4.) Classifications, Distinctions, and the Primate Family Tree
5.) Our Brethren, the Hominoids
Lecture 14 Gender
Sex / Gender
Recurrent Gender Patterns and Third Sexes / Genders
Gender Equality and the Public Domestic Dichotomy
Modes of Production and Sexual Division of Labor
Kinks and Consequences of the Model
Recent Shifts in Ge
Lecture 4 Communication and Language
Primate Language Use
Four Domains of Spoken Language
Anthropologists are interested in language human speech and writing because it is our
primary means of c
1.) Contradictions and Dimensions of Stratification
2.) Typologies and Correlations
3.) Bands, Tribes, and Chiefdoms
Contrast two ways people influence the actions of others
Authority the formal, socially approved use of power