Biology-the study of living things Genetics-the human genome
Projects the future of everything Diseases use genetics for analysis to find t reatment Diabetes, heart disease research Agriculture-producing crops (organic/inorganic) Genetic eng
Ch. 13- Viruses
Vi rus- a cellular, not living, contain nucleic acid & protein component. Some viruses will infect a cell, they will hibernate. Post-pone replication some will enter a cell & reproduce very quickly. (30 minutes or more). A cellular- requir
Prokaryotes: Bacteria or Archea Always reproduce by mitosis- they make identical clones. They still have recombination- recombination can occur. It was exhibited that DNA exchange can occur between two living bacteria. Experiment: Strain 1 E. Coli:
Ch. 28 + 29
Plant- photosynthetic eukaryote- use chlorophyll A & B, it stores carbohydrates, develops from an embryo, which is protected by parent tissue. Monophyletic- from a single branch on tree of evolution. Embryophyte- they form embryos & develop fr
(27)Before you arrive for the Survey of Kingdom Fungi lab, please
1. Read the lab thoroughly, noting all safety guidelines.
2. Answer these preparatory questions:
What safety procedures should you be sure to follow during this lab period?
How do fun
Ch. 13 Opener 1 Reviving the Velociraptor
Ch. 13 Opener 2 In the Nature of Things
DNA genetic material
dye (somatic vs sex cells)
Fredrick Griffith 1920 (pneumonia)
Figure 13.1 Genetic Transformation
Oswald Avery 1944
Chapter 5 Thermochemistry Quiz
Due Monday by 11:59 pm in dropbox under Assessment Tab
Show your work for calculation problems
Calculate E of a gas for a process in which the gas absorbs 18 J of heat and does 11 J of
work by expanding.
1. Given the following equations and
for the reaction:
N2 (g) + O2 (g)
1) 4 NH3(g) + 5 O2(g)
2) 4 NH3(g) + 3 O2(g)
Ho values, determine the heat of reaction (kJ) at 298 K
2 NO (g)
6 H2O(l) + 4 NO(g)
2 N2(g) + 6 H2O(l)
Ho/kJ = ?
Name: _ Period: _ Date:
Light Practice Test
Put a check mark by all of the statements that describe electromagnetic waves.
_ need a medium to travel through
_ can travel through a vacuum
_ all travel at the same speed in a vacuum
_ all have the same
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MATH 122 Fall 2016 Test #2 lm 6; \
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Directions: Read each question carefully before giving an answer. You must show all
necessary work to receive full credit. Calculators are allowed (books and notes are not).
1. (5 poi
Ch. 12- One Gene/ One Polypeptide
Gene- is a DNA sequence Experiment: If you alter a gene, you will also alter the phenotype. Ex). Breadmold- easy to look at, haploid form- easy to see phenotypic change. Wild type: grew on minimal nut rients (medium/media
Ch. 11- DNA
DNA: genetic material found in nucleus stored on chromosomes double helix 4 possible bases for 4 nucleotides
Dyes/stains- somatic cells had twice as much DNA as the gametes. (important for reproduction) Every species will have a specific amoun
Ch. 10 Notes cont'd.
Phenotype- family t ree of genetics Pedigree- shows phenotype segregation in several generations of relatives Female: O Male: Square Carriers for a condition are half shaded (heterozygous). Fully shaded they have the condition. Offspr
The Scientific Method 5 main steps 1). Make Observation 2). Ask a question 3). Form hypothesis 4). Make prediction based on your hypothesis 5). Test hypothesis (experiment) If r ight it becomes a theory.
All matter is made from/of atoms Atoms are the smallest form of matter Within an atom at least one proton and one electron Protons (+) Electrons(-) Neutrons Elements are purist form of matter 96%-98% of all living things are going to be compos
Macromolecules- 4 types- Proteins, Carbohydrates, Nucleic Acids, & Lipids
Will be present & be formed in the same amounts, and same ways in all living things A giant polymer-many small bonding monomers together. Most bonds are covalent Hav
Cell-basic most simplified form of life. Cell will act as a compartment which can separate the external from the internal environment homeostasis(constant environment). The Cell Theory-(characteristics)-the fundamental unit of life. All organ
CHAPTER FIVE- Cellular Membranes
Bilayered Dynamic-membranes continuously form, continuously move & fuse with other membranes. Each organelle is modified with its own membrane so it can carry out a specific function. Membrane though as a fluid mosaic mod
Metabolism-the sum of the total chemical reactions in the body. Energy Transformation-occur as you are building things and as you are breaking them down. Enzymes-allow us to be efficient on having energy transformations. Energy Types: Kinetic: e
Chapter 7- metabolism of Glucose: CHO
Glucose- one of the most energy efficient molecules. Cells will obtain energy from glucose by going through a series of oxidative reactions. Glucose yields: water, carbon dioxide, & energy when broken down. (HO & CO &
Chapter 8- Photosynthesis
Photosynthesis- biochemical process by which plants capture energy from sunlight, they store the energy as carbohydrates-the whole process basis for all of life on earth-gives ozone layer. (Ex. Plantscattlehumans) Two Pathways: 1
Cell reproduction is similar in all living organisms. Unicellular (one cell) - use cell division to reproduce. Multicellular (many cells) - use cell division for growth, tissue repair, and regeneration.
4 steps before & during cell
Genetics- selectively breeding for thousands of years. Plants were used to study genetics. They can be grown in large quantities, produce a lot of offspring, relatively short generation time, reproduce quickly, easy to see products. Th