Colonial Economy and American Character
a. Work Ethic
1. Untamed wilderness
b. Dependent Collectivists
i. Myth of Self-Made Man and Rugged Individualists
ii. Cooperation/Mutual Aid
Rape of Nanjing
Tokyo War Criminal Trial
World War II in
-Hitler was from Austria, was interested in Art, was
rejected from the Academy of Arts, was drifting in life
until WWI (Germany side).Joined army in WWI, receive
After WWI, he returned to Germany and got involved in
World War II in Asia
(Japan on China)
1937, Japan attack China again.
Chiang Kai-Shek is leader of China. And he reject the
-Rape of Nanjing(Massacre of Nanjing)
Nanjing was capital of China.
Around Nov-Dec 1937, Japan occupied Nanjing and
Sun Yat-sen's Rvolution
British rely on superior strength
Got permission to legalize optimism China
opium use raises farmers are poor
In southern China, there is a major rebellion.
"eternal peace". leader of rebellion was Hong
-Tsar/Czar () =Emperor
Tsar Nicholas II - Romanov Dynasty()
-talked Russia into WWI War put strain on economy.
Slave is called serf(). Heavy snow majority of year.
So people mainly stay inside, many are alcoholics
Roads are not safe, la
Origins of World War 1
-At first U.S remained neutral, said it was a European
But as War continued, U.S eventually got involved.
-Triple Alliance (): Germany, Austria-Hungary,
Austria-Hungary() : Poles, Czechs(), Magyars,
Meiji Restoration and
2nd part 19th century
Japan coming of age of a Modern state.
-Meiji Restoration() 1868-1912 emperor of Japan
After Tokugawa government signed treaty with U.S.
Japan experience domestic turmoil().
Imperialism in Africa
X South Africa
-Boer() Dutch in Africa. They were there mostly as
farmers. South Africa had rich fertile soil for agriculture,
used African slaves.
-British came along, were interested in Cape of Good
Hope() southern tip of Africa.
French Colonialism in
What led to imperialism? ()
-3 motives caused French to imperialize()
economics-imperialism for profits.
missionary()-religious groups wanted to go
military-generals wanted more "key locations".
-In 19th cen
Birth of Fascism
Japan develop Fascism
Fascism opposite of communism.
Liberalism = India rights freedom
Fascism wants loyalty to leaders no freedom of speech.
communism = class division ()
proletarian = an dictatorship()
-Hokkaido() government saw Russian ships and
asked Tokugawa what they should do. Tokugawa didn't
like foreigners. So they said keep them out.
-America was very economical, loved to trade, they
wanted business with Japan.