Theories 2 and
The Psychological Theory
Herbert Spencer believed that humor was a
discharge of repressed impulses.
Freud agreed with Spencer and linked it to
his theories of the subconscious.
The Psychological theory explains why s
This unit, we will focus on the Scientific Revolution. It is important to think not just about
new scientific findings this week, but the larger social and cultural ramifications and
legacies of the period. By the end of this week, you should b
The White Man's Burden, (1899)
This famous poem, written by Britain's imperial poet, was a response to the American take over
of the Philippines after the Spanish-American War.
Take up the White Man's burden-Send forth the best ye breed-G
This week, we will be focusing on society, politics, economics, and culture in 16th-Century
Europe. By the end of this unit, you will be able to 1) Discuss important new ideas, technologies,
and events that shape the beginning of the Early Modern period o
This unit we will be focusing on new ideas in the 19th century. By the end of this week,
you should be able to:
A) Describe the society, economics, politics and culture of 19 th-century Europe,
B) Describe the new ideas- the isms"- that emerged during
John McCrae (1872-1918)
In Flanders Fields
McCrae was a Canadian physician. He fought at the Western Front in 1914, but was later moved
to the medical corps and assigned to a hospital in France. He died of pneumonia while on active
duty in 1918. His "In F
The Black Man's Burden,
Kiplings poem The White Man's Burden of 1899 presented one view
of imperialism. Edward Morel, a British journalist in the Belgian
Congo, drew attention to the abuses of imperialism in 1903. The
Congo [for a peri
Mary Shelleys novel Frankenstein started
both the genres of horror and science fiction.
And it deals with a scientist breaking taboos
to create artificial life.
Artificial life as a myth, however, goes b
Modern Horror abounds in subgenres:
Roman Polanskis Rosemarys Baby (1968)
helped start the demon child subgenre.
Rosemarys Baby is about a young couple
that moves into a coveted Manhattan
apartment, only to discover
Aristotle claimed that comedy was human
behavior below human norms but without
pain. Thus, it s a form of Schadenfreude.
Aristotle even became a victim of
Schadenfreude when Phyllis rode him like
Vlad Tepesch, a Romanian military ruler
against the Ottoman Turks.
Bram Stokers novel based his Dracula
character on Tepesch.
Stoker was an Irish author during the
His novel Dracula (1897
Comedy that achieves a sense of
greatness in relation to tragedy and epic
are considered great comedy.
The comedies of Shakespeare and Moliere
conform to this variety.
Cervantes novel Don Quixote also is a Great
The Ethical Hazards of Comedy
The unethical effects of comedy have been
miss-interpreted as un-real.
For example, racist and sexist comedy have
been called unethical because they employ
Comedy often uses
Aristophanes, the first great comic author.
Aristotle defined comedy as human
behavior below normal lines, but without
Italian Medieval writer Boccaccio wrote
some of the funniest stories during the Black
Critical comedy endeavors to expose social
flaws, hence it is a form of social correction.
Satire is apart of Critical comedy.
Satire is parody (an exaggerated imitation of
something or someone that was not
What is Fascism? (1932)
Benito Mussolini (1883-1945) over the course of his lifetime went from Socialism - he was editor
of Avanti, a socialist newspaper - to the leadership of a new political movement called "fascism"
[after "fasces", th