Groups will choose a particular environmental dilemma (to be approved by me) and discuss it from the point of view of various stakeholders. Groups will need to: 1. Identify the particular environmental resource being contes
Sami of Scandinavia
Migrate with their reindeer from forests in the winter to coastal grasslands in the
Problems for pastoralists
Government intervention often cripples them. Environmental degradation
because of overgrazing. Herd animals are easy
.an economy that has characteristics of both market and command economic
an economy in which a society's economic decisions are made by individuals
who decide what to produce and what to buy.
a tax placed on g
Post Pleistocene Adaptations: rising sea levels reduced coastal optimal zones,
making food less predictable.
Rosenberg's general theory
Large hunter gatherer territories needed as a safety net so they did not starve to
death. Rising populat
Nigerian tribe that participates in intensive farming. They adapted their area for
farming, but terracing. They used sheep and goats for fertilizer and utilized transplant
crops. Their main crops are sorghum and Pearl Millet. The households are mo
What is environmental determinism?
Environmental determinism is the idea that environment shapes culture,
including personal characteristics.
What is unilineal evolutionism?
Unilineal evolutionism is the idea that culture evolves through a single traject
Ecological factors never.
1. operate in a cultural vacuum
2. prevent adaptation to a material environment
7 Things we know for sure.
1. Earth is a finite place with finite resources
2. humans are subject to extinction
3. Earth's population is growing
- Hardy-Weingberg - p2 + 2pq + q2 = 1
(p + q) = 1
Heterodontism - Different types of teeth
endothermy - Organisms with bodies that are warmed by heat generated by
metabolism. This heat is usually used to maintain a relatively stable body temperature
a riddle with no answer
- can man survive without the gorilla, Can the gorilla survive without man?
- Neither: Part of the Same Community
Major Themes Of Ishmael
1. Humans are Subject to Extinction
2. Limited by the same biological/ecological law
trophic pyramid - levels of relationship among producers, heterotrophs, and
anatomical adaptions - slow genetic changes
physical adaptions - quick adaptions such as sweating
diet breadth model - assumes that resources have a fine-grained distr
Thomas Huxley - Evidence to Man's Place in Nature 1863, We come from apes
Brachiation - a method of movement that uses the arms to swing from branch to branch
Primate Characteristics - arms & legs with ball & socket joints; opposable thumb; nails;
Sapir-Whorf hypothesis - A hypothesis concerning the role of language in shaping our
interpretation of reality. It holds that language is culturally determined.
Post-Structuralism - - critique of structure
- biggest influences: Jacques Derrida, Michel Fou
horticulture - agriculture involving relatively small scale fields
animal husbandry - herding, breeding and use of domesticated animals
chinapas - small raised fields or gardens, usually on water
terraces - gardens on the side of mountains, makes leveled
Freud Anthropology - - provided an evolutionary theory of culture and human
development that explained the differences between savages and civilized people
- - sexual behavior
- -familial life
- Ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny
cultural ecology - study of the use of cultural adaption for purposes of environmental
multilinear evolution - recognizes that there is more than one path to any cultural
estuary - where fresh water meets salt water
littoral zone - de
Humans and Dirt are Made of .
The same five basic elements (molecules)
First Living Dirt created by.
Rain pounding rocks for millions of years
Dirt is made up of .
tens of billions of microorganisms
Ancient Egyptians believed.
God shaped humans ou
Margaret Mead - A pioneering anthropologist who found that gender roles were not
innate properties and could vary widely among societies
- Traits are actively selected by the culture
- individuals vary naturally in all societies
- More acknowledgement of
How have Lee's conclusions on the Bushmen been critiqued?
- They have been critiqued as providing a Romantic view of the Bushmen that
glosses over their history of political oppression and exclusion from livelihoods that could
be more lucrative than hunt
The film "Paul Ehrlich and the Population Bomb" leaves the impression of a 2-sided
debate. Briefly describe a 3rd perspective.
- Barry Commoner's perspective: population is not good or bad; our problems
have more to do with human social institutions (ex:
Final Paper Assignment Final Paper There will be one paper, due on April 13. Paper topics will be selected by you and approved by me. Papers will be 7- 10 pages, typed, double spaced, with 1 inch margins and in a readable font. No late papers will be acce
Grand Valley State University Department of Anthropology Winter 2011 Culture and the Environment ANT 340 Section 03 2132 AuSable Hall MW 3:00-4:15 Pamela Galbraith Office 1154 AuSable Hall E-mail: [email protected] Phone: 331-8935 Office Hours M 10-12, F
ANT 340 Study Guide: Exam 1
The test will be a combination of short answer/identification and essay. Any material from the lectures, class discussions, readings (yes, go and review Bodley!) and films may appear on the exam. In addition
Reflexive Essay #3
May 29, 2013
In the film When Is Enough, Enough? (2004), a dispute between the traditional
knowledge of a local Mikisew Cree natives and modern environmental science occurred over the
use of the land in the Athabasca River region in Alb
Reflexive Essay #4
June 6, 2013
As the world population increases and the demand for water increases, pressure is being
placed on world government organizations to deal with an increasing water crisis. The World
Bank is one organization that has promoted
Reflexive Essay #5
June 10, 2013
In the film Amazon Journal (1995), the political conflict between the Amazonian
indigenous people and the Brazilian government was documented. Native tribes, such as the
Yanomami and the Kayapo, struggled to promote their
Reflexive Essay #6
June 17, 2013
Fish farming has grown to be a very large and global industry within recent years. About
one fourth of all fish consumed by humans has been farm-raised (Farming the Seas, 2004). The
ties that this industry has had with glo
Reflexive Essay #2
In very recent times, a population paradox has been observed in countries across the
globe. New, developing countries are having a population explosion while old, well-developed
countries are experiencing a population decline.
Reflexive Essay #1
There is much debate in the scientific community about whether or not Earth is
experiencing climate change. Many environmentalist and climate change supporters across the
globe that are calling for drastic reductions in greenh
The question of how humans should deal with the environment is coming more and more
into question as the signs of environmental degradation are seen more clearly in modern times.
The matter of human perspective on the environment v
June 7, 2013
Environmental groups seek to protect or analyze a specific aspect of the environment
from degradation and human abuse. All environmental groups have an agenda to promote, and
the reliability of the information that is provided b