Week 1 Book Notes Chapter 1 (15, 822)
Measurement and evaluation are an interrelated process.
Measurement is the task of administering a rest for the purpose of obtaining
a quantifiable score.
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Quanti tative: numerical feedback
Qualitative: word fee
Sample Mean
group mean
Grand Mean
every value interested is pooled together; mean of all the means from the groups
Within Group Variance
the variance of the scores in a group
Between Group Variance
difference between group means
group mean variance from g
1
Hypothesis Testing
research question: statement of what your are trying to accomplish
null hypoth. (H0): testing groups are the same
alternate hypth. (H1): groups not the same
2
Null Hypothesis
testing groups are the same
r=0 [no relationship]
accept: p
Descriptive Statistics
mean, standard deviation
numbers that summarize distribution
Inferential Statistic
make inferences about large population
3 measures of central tendency
mode
median
mean
Mode
number that occurs most frequently
Median
the middle of t
Attributes of the Pearson Product Moment
1. strength of relationship
> are TWO variables related? (rvalue)
2. range
> range restriction
Inverse Correlation
negative rvalue; as one variable increases the other decreases
Direct Correlation
positive rvalu
Ordinal Scale
scale in order
1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th
doesn't tell you by how much one was better than the other; no equal distance between
category
Interval Scale
value at zero
equal distance between units
Ratio Scale
0 = absence of trait
ex: Kalvin
equal dist
Parameter
related to population; ran statistics based on data from entire population
Statistic
mathematical test ran on a sample
Variable
number that can change
continuous [age]
Constant
stays the same, not changing
Continuous Variable
variable that can t
1
Steps of the Scientific Method
1. state the problem
2. state a testable or measurable hypothesis
3. plan the methods
2
Inductive Reasoning
making general conclusion from limited observations
small to big
3
Deductive Reasoning
big picture to specific fir
Variance
technique for determining how different data points vary from mean/central data
sum of (xmean)squared/N
Standard Deviation
square root of variance
large # = large variability
Coefficient of Variation
allows us to compare the relative variabiliti
Respect for Persons
recognition of the personal dignity and autonomy of individuals and special protection of those
persons with diminished autonomy
Beneficence
obligation to protect persons from harm by maximizing anticipated benefits and minimizing
poss
Assumptions of tTest
1. population is normally distributed
2. samples are randomly selected from population
3. the 2 samples have equal variances [homogeneity]
4. data is parametric [absolute, interval, ratio]
Formula for a tTest
t = mean difference
SE
M easurement and Evaluation Class Notes Week 2
JANUARY 12T H
Slight assignment  Pg 3 or pg 5 pick one of the boxes w r i te a
p aragraph due on the 19th
What is measurement and Evaluation?
Measurement (w/o evaluation is useless)

Process of collecting i
Week 4  Measurement and Evaluation  Class Notes Feb 2

Examples of CASUAL studies that t r ies to determine if one thing affects or
causes another:
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(teachers) Does the P.E. programs in your school contribute to an
i ncreae in the life long physical a
Week 4  Measurement and Evaluation  In Class Notes Jan 26th and 28th
Three Types of Research Questions (adcritic.com)

Descriptive
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Just trying to DESCRIBE whats going on!
Examples
1. Teachers How many 3rd grade P.E students in your school can current
Week 3 Class Notes Measurement and Evaluation
January 21,2009
Placement (Classification):
Grouping of similar (homogeneous) individuals
Accurate diagnosis can lead to effective and efficient tailoring of instruction or
treatment
BP, activity levels, body
Measurement and Evaluation Class Notes Week 2
JANUARY 12TH
Slight assignment  Pg 3 or pg 5 pick one of the boxes write a paragraph due on
the 19th
What is measurement and Evaluation?
Measurement (w/o evaluation is useless)

Proc e s s of c olle c tin g
Chapter 1: Introduction
introduces the problem
Chapter 2: The Problem
Purpose
Hypothesis
Delimitations
Limitations
Define Term
Significance of Study
Chapter 3: Review of Literature
significance: analyze and critique the findings of significant studies on